Greek Mythologies: Gods and Mortals in Greek Literature

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Greek mythologies arise from various cultural aspects of the Greek society; however, the role of the divinities in human affairs is particularly accentuated in most, if not all, Greek mythologies. Nevertheless, each author displays the role of divinities and supernatural differently, as Homer in The Odyssey and The Iliad displays direct interaction between the supernatural divinities and the mortals. On the other hand, Sophocles’ Antigone lessens such interactions and emphasizes the human role, while Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War completely ignores the notion of divine power, but focuses impartially on the actions of men and their consequences. Therefore, such difference of perspectives gives rise to the conflict between…show more content…
The prophecy of Tiresias serves the role of warning Creon, who violated the divine law, of the upcoming consequences if his actions. Homer’s presentation of the gods and their roles has been criticized directly, as in Thucydides’ historical recount ridiculing Homer’s exaggeration of what is mythological, and indirectly, through Sophocles’ Antigone lack of immediate interference of the gods in human affairs. However, Homer shares the Sophocles opinion on the priority of obeying the divine law and providing proper burial, for this is displayed in Thetis message “gods frown upon you…you hold Hektor beside the curved ships and did not redeem him. Come, then, give him up and accept ransom for the body.” (Iliad 24.132-140), Since Achilles has been torturing Hektor’s body and refusing to give him a proper burial, and the gods had to bribe him with ransom to release the body. Within the First chapter of Homer’s Iliad the influence and role of the gods is emphasized in the progression of the events, “Zeus' son and Leto's, Apollo, who in anger at the king drove the foul pestilence along the host, and the people perished, since Atreus' son had dishonoured Chryses, priest of Apollo”(Iliad 1.9-1.11). This quote indicates the major difference between Homer and Thucydides’ approach to recounting historical events, as Homer associated the

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