Greek Mythology By Homer 's Odyssey, Iliad And Hesiod 's Theogony

2522 Words Dec 8th, 2014 11 Pages
Greek mythology as it exists today was a culmination of oral tradition that was part of the early Greek civilization. Different regions of the Greek empire had different heroes with their own traditions, and thus Greek mythology was firmly tied to it geographical location. Geography and physical places helped shape Greek mythology to a large extent. Homer’s Odyssey, Iliad and Hesiod’s Theogony are examples of Greek mythology where the myth is tied with the geographical space. With the mention of place, these poets strive to appeal to as many city-states as possible. Mentioning as many places and incidents occurring in those places made sure that these performances were meaningful to people from any part of Greece. When these epics were written, there was no single common Greek identity. Therefore, places were important to describe and identify the gods and other heroes in different regions and bring them all under a common umbrella.
During the time of Homer and Hesiod, Greece was not a unified empire, but it was divided into many city-states. It was also a peninsula surrounded by seas and dotted with many islands. The geography of mountains and jagged coastlines ensured that Greece was divided into many regions that remained as separate places and not as a single country. Homer’s Iliad mentions that even the smallest of Greek provinces took part in the Trojan War. He mentions all these places in an effort to unify all the Greeks and also to take pride in their culture and…
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