Greek Theatre in 5th Century Bce

981 WordsMar 3, 20024 Pages
Greek Theatre in 5th Century BCE The Ancient Greeks, probably one of the most fascinating civilizations to study contributed several discoveries and technological advancements. One can not discuss the Greeks without discussing Greek Theatre though. Greek Theater paved the way for literature and art in later history in many ways. If it wasn't for Greek Theatre famous play writers like Shakespeare would have never done what they are so very well known for. When studying Greek Theatre it is virtually impossible not to hear about it in the 5th Century BCE, and that is because the 5th Century BCE was rather exciting when it came to Greek Theatre. The origin of Greek Theatre in 5th Century BCE is not known. Dozens of hypotheses exist, but…show more content…
At least two thirds of the citizens of Athens could be accommodated in The Theatre of Dionysus. Every theatre like the Theatre of Dionysus had a parados, a theatron, a skene, and an orchestra. The Greek theatre also had machines. Two of the most well-known machines were the mechane, and the ekkyklema. The mechane was a crane used in tragedy and comedy in the fifth century for hoisting characters in the air, most often to represent flight. Ekkyklema is a platform on wheels rolled out through a door in the skene, used to indicate that whatever is on the platform (actors and props) is supposed to be viewed as an interior scene . There's only a portion of the output of the four 5th Century BCE playwrights that have survived. Three of them were tragedies. These were Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. The only comic playwright output that survived was Aristophanes. Most of the tragedies followed the format below. "Prolog, spoken by an actor Parados, the entrance of the chorus, singing and dancing. Episode 1, between two or three actors Stasimon 1, the chorus, singing and dancing. Episode 2, between two or three actors Stasimon 2, the chorus, singing and dancing. Episode 3, between two or three actors Stasimon 3, the chorus, singing and dancing. Episode 4, between two or three actors Stasimon 4, the chorus, singing and dancing. Episode 5, the final encounter between two or three actors Exodus, the chorus departs through the
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