Greek and Roman Gods

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“Mythology is a body of stories told to explain the world and its mysteries,” Doctor Scott A. Leonard explains in his article, “Mythology”. Before the knowledge to provide scientific reasoning towards the world’s events, people told myths about heroes, gods and goddesses to explain natural events. (Leonard, “Mythology”). In mythology, most stories are connected and explain another myth, (Stapleton 42). According to the article “Roman Gods”, the twelve greatest gods and goddess of Rome were parallel to the twelve Olympian gods in Greek Mythology. Many of the Roman gods were believed to have been involved in founding Rome (“Roman gods”).
The Greek god, Zeus was King and father of all the gods and the sky (“Principal Greek and Roman Gods”).
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The Romans mainly worshipped the god Apollo as the god of healing and prophecy (Phillips, “Apollo”). The Roman Apollo was never as important as he was in Greece, causing him not to be introduced to Roman mythology until much later than many of the other gods (Berens 124).
Poseidon was the Greek god of the sea, earthquakes and horses (Felson, “Poseidon”). In E. M. Berens’ book, he states that, “In the earliest times of Greek Mythology, Poseidon only symbolized the water element” (154). Although he was the God of the sea, he mostly controlled the Mediterranean Sea as he watched over fishermen (Berens 153, 157). Poseidon was the son of Kronos and Rhea being brothers with Zeus and Hades (Berens 152). After defeating their father, the three brothers drew for domains and Poseidon received the sea as his domain (Felson, “Poseidon”). He was the absolute ruler of the ocean and all that lived within the ocean but he still was not above Zeus (Berens 161). The Romans worshipped the god, Neptune and just gave him the attributes of the Greek god Poseidon (Berens 161). Neptune was originally a god of water but not of the sea like Poseidon was. Not until Neptune became associated with Poseidon that his dominion was extended to more than just water (Stapleton 144). After this, Roman commanders would only take a naval expedition after a proper sacrifice to Neptune was made (Berens
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