Greek and Roman civilizations

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Introduction Throughout history there have been many great empires, but none have made a greater impact than the Greek and Roman empires. These empires began as small city-states, and grew to become the powerful empires we know today. The Greek and Roman empires were not always enemies, considering the Romans were greatly influenced by the Greek culture. The two civilizations shared many similarities, but had different opinions on government operations. There are three different periods that span the history of the Greek and Roman empires; the Hellenic, Hellenistic, and Roman civilization. I will thoroughly examine the differences in religion, philosophy, societal struggles, territory expansion, trade, commerce and the decline of each…show more content…
The people flowed smoothly throughout the Hellenistic kingdoms mainly because they spoke and read the same language. No matter where a person came from in the Hellenistic regions, they were able to communicate with anyone. Even with everyone connected there was still social disorder due to the sudden change in government policy. People were actively involved the self-governed democratic government of the past. Now that citizens were once again living in impersonal empires ruled by bureaucrats, they started to feel alienated. The Hellenistic art and literature expressed the feelings of the citizens. They began to sculpt and paint actual people as opposed to the gods their culture was so centered around. The citizens also began to join random religions that promised immortality and individual wealth. Even Hellenistic philosophers focused their time on preaching about individual happiness and pleasure. The Hellenistic period was an age ruled by commercialism and cosmopolitanism. The Hellenistic age ended at the Romans feet when the Roman Octavian defeated marc Anthony in the battle at Actium.
Roman Empire The Roman history began with two demi gods known as Romulus and Remus. Romulus and Remus were the twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Roman history states that Romulus eventually killed his brother Remus and was the first king of Rome, named after himself. As Rome continued to develop it lost its monarchy style government in 509 B.C.E and developed
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