As cities across the country continue to age and show signs of deterioration, planning boards and city councils push for urban renewal projects that, not only updates existing infrastructure and city amenities, but also sets aside land for cleanup and conversion into parks and greenspace. This wave of green investment is just the latest turn that “urban renewal” has taken since its conception during the 1940s by master builders such as Robert Moses. However, the various stages that are reflected in Atlanta’s own built environment go back further than the 1940s.
Urban regeneration is defined as improving an area that has been experiencing a period of decline due to a variety of reasons, such as lack of employment, lack of investment in the CBD, suburbanisation etc. Ways that this can be resolved include property led regeneration, prestige project developments and partnership development schemes. These have all been carried out in the UK recently due to urban decline in some areas, and some have been more successful in others, in terms of its effectiveness on the location, effectiveness on problems that existed beforehand and the effect on the local community. Most importantly, the
The wealthiest often would have the most space in the city, while the class directly below them would be cramped within the city yet separate from the wealthiest of them all. This cramped lifestyle was not very pleasing to majority of the population, yet many chose to live there because of necessity. The outsides of the city walls, known as the suburbia, housed the people that could not afford life inside the city. Despite poor dwellings in the suburban areas, people still praised and wrote about the pleasant suburban life, as they could escape the atrocious, cramped and uncomfortable city. The sprawling of the urban population became more apparent in London a few centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire, where people now had money to build or buy houses outside the city limits. These areas were much cleaner and quieter than the main city, similar to the characteristics of cities in Rome. (Bruegmann)
Green Spaces Make Kids Smarter is an article written by Olga Khazan. Khazan is a staff writer at The Atlantic and she focuses on health. She has written several articles but I found this article interesting. This article focuses on the cognitive abilities relating to the greenery around the school. She first looked into a school near Long Beach, CA, where around one fifth of the students had asthma. This school was in the city and about 500 trucks would pass every hour. Not much greenery was around the school. A study was released at the same time stating at least nine percent of childhood asthma cases were attributable to road traffic. The air around the school was twice the normal level of elemental carbon which is a marker of diesel particle.
The world has been evolving as quickly as the population has grown. As the years progressed, the habitual lifestyle has transformed from spread out house and land living to city and suburban occupation. Along with the living style, cities have progressed from just roads and buildings to multifunctional spaces with copious possibilities. Federation Square in the ‘heart of the city’ is an example of how a space in the city vastly contributes to the visual culture of Melbourne. Times Square in New York also displays how what was previously an intersection of roads, has been transformed into a visual landmark. Melbourne city had always lacked a functional public space ever since its birth.
Urban consolidation reduces the amount of green space within the inner area. By concentrating substantial amount of population into one area, it means most of the available land will need to be converted to housing units. For example, in a city like Sydney, where it has adopted urban consolidation clearly verified had the inner city areas have inadequate local open spaces. Sydney has 1.66 ha of open space per 1,000 people compared to the standard in the NSW planning act of 2.83 ha per 1,000. (Leichhardt Council, as cited in Searle, 2003) This evidently shows that there is an absence of open spaces. This is undesirable, both socially and environmentally. The lack of green space will force people to spend more time in their apartments. Stretton and Orchard (1994) illustrates a clear picture of people’s lives in blocks of apartments “…passively watching television most of the time because there is no garden or shed or games room, there are bans on
As the world’s population continue to migrate and live in urban areas, planners, engineers, and politicians have an important responsibilities to ensure that they are livable and sustainable. But what defines an urban area, and what makes it so attractive? In my opinion, urban area are places that consists of a variety of land uses and buildings. Places where services and amenities are easily accessible to the general public, with an efficient multimodal (i.e. rail, vehicles, bikes, public transit, walking and etc.) established transportation network. As well, it should be a place where people can play, learn, work, and grow in a healthy, safe, and collaborative manner. Based on that definition, the novel, Parable of the Sower
London boroughs are 32 of the 33 principal subdivisions of the administrative area of Greater London (the 33rd is the City of London) and are each governed by a London borough council. The London boroughs were all created at the same time as Greater London on 1 April 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and are a type of local government district. Twelve were designated as Inner London boroughs and twenty as Outer London boroughs.
The Urban Age is the current age where we are living now as the majority of human population is living within an urban settlement or urban environment such as cities, towns and slums. With the rapid increase of urbanization, the demand for private and public spaces is growing. Private spaces falls under things such as houses, apartment and office spaces. Whilst while the public are things such as public municipal parks, public malls and community oval. The issue that is being shined upon in this essay within our current cities spaces is the ever growing privatization of public spaces. Bradley L Garret a journalist for the guardian wrote an article on how cities such as Los Angeles has become a victim of this and he emphasizes the fact that
I think the United States can also build biophilic cities and integrate more nature into urban design and urban planning. Building biophilic cities is of great important for cities, residents, and the nature. Unsustainable urban sprawl damages open space and disturbs the function of the nature. Biophilic cities help us solve many environmental problems, such as climate change, air pollution, and decreasing biodiversity. For example, if we integrate more nature into the urban fabric, there will be more trees, animals, and rivers in cities. The urban heat island effect can be relieved and more air pollutants can be absorbed by trees. Rivers can help solve increasing floods and droughts.
The space of Millennium Park is defined by rows of trees which outline the perimeter of the park on all four sides. The trees on the outline of the park create a buffer between the park and the busy city streets. Internally, the trees within the park serve as a dividing barrier for smaller spaces/attractions, allowing different spaces to communicate different functions and ideas. A majority of space within Millennium Park all rise above the human scale. The surrounding buildings and skyscrapers serve as a reminder of how little we are compared to the vast size of the city. Interesting, although humans are small relatively compared to the park. The surroundings reflect what we are capable of and the scale of what we can achieve. Territory
Center City, the downtown area of Philadelphia, has numerous sections of public green space that are easily accessible to citizens within the area. It takes some residents no time at all to ride a bike through the city, or simply walk down the street and have a great experience with forms green space. Traveling through Center City, could lead some to think that the rest of the Philadelphia has a similar amount of greenery available, but this is not actually the case. In neighborhoods approximately 15 minutes away, the common sight of treeless streets, barren lots, and spaces cluttered with litter can be found on practically every block. They tend to be neighborhoods that have low household incomes or high levels of poverty. The “green disparity”
Urban Regeneration in the London Docklands The London Docklands Development Corporation is located along the River Thames Estuary 2.a) The London Docklands had to close for many reasons. The main reason was the Second World War. The area suffered substantial bomb damage in the Second World War, which lead to the need for a substantial rebuilding programme.
The analysis of economic driven gentrification is clearly illustrated in London beginning from the 1950s. This process began in the Canonbury area of Islington; spread to Barnsbury and other parts of Islington, as well as Camden, Notting Hill, Primrose Hill, Kentish Town, Holland Park, and West Greenwich in the 1960s; and reached as far as Hackney in East London and parts of South London like Lambeth, Battersea, Clapham, and Fulham in the 1970s. (Moran, 2007, p.101) Before the 1950s, the North London Borough of Islington was at a broken area, its once grand Regency and Victorian houses split into poorly maintained,
The garden city idea emerged during a time when countries were beginning to urbanize (15% of the world’s population were urban, a rapidly growing figure). There, the living and working environments were squalid and the working