Ground Floor Customer Service and Marketing Department Essay

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Ground Floor: Customer Service and Marketing Department

There are a total of 20 workstations.
There are two network printers accessible by all workstations.
The Internet is accessible by all workstations.
Visitors should be able to access to the wireless internet access, wifi.

The network topology best suited for the ground floor is the star topology. A star topology is one where by each work station or computer peripheral are centrally connected by use of a computer/hub or switch.

In this way, when one connection of the network is not working or faulty, it does not affect the rest of the work stations in the network. This is a big advantage in this type of network.

Fig 1.0

However, they are other
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Fig 1.1 RJ-45 connector

Ethernet cables are generally used to connect devices on LANs including routers and switches. Theoritically, ethernet cables can support 100 Mbs or 1000 Mbps maximum bandwidith. This maximum can not be achieved due to overhead hardware and computer operating system. Ethernet cables usually support one or more industry standards including Category 5 (CAT 5) and Category 6 (CAT 6).

In this network, CAT 5 ethernet cables are used. CAT 5 ethernet cables are a fifth generation twisted pair cables and popular of all twisted pairs cables available today because they are both affordable and support high speeds.

The LAN on the ground floor needs to connect to the internet. For a computer to connect to another computer on the internet it sends messages in the TCP/IP protocol addressed to another computer using its IP (Internet Protocol) address.

The program or device that is used to connect to the internet is called a gateway.

A gateway typically performs the following tasks:
Translating between the IP address on the LAN and the IP address on the internet.
Control of the type of information that can be shared/flow by the LAN and the internet
Logging internet usage

They are three kinds of devices that can be used (are commonly used) as gateways connecting Local Area Networks to the Internet:
Unix or

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