The use of illicit substances has become increasing common in schizophrenia (Asher & Gask, 2010). Illicit substance use by persons with a diagnosis of schizophrenia has long been associated with increased severity of psychosis, psychiatric hospital inpatient admissions, higher rates of readmission and poor treatment outcomes (Asher & Gask, 2010; Charles & Weaver, 2010; Hambrecht & Hafner, 1996; Swofford, Kasckow, Scheller-Gilkey & Inderbitzin, 1996). It has also been acknowledged that persons diagnosed with schizophrenia are more likely to use illicit substances within their lifetime than the general population, with rates of comorbid substance use fluctuating from 15 to 65% in persons diagnosed with schizophrenia (Charles & Weaver, 2010; Malchow et al, 2012). So
In this paper, I will be exploring and explaining about the culture that I am studying in
The Glaser and Strauss (1967) method of grounded theory will be used in the analysis of the study. Grounded theory is a methodology that is systematic and involves constructing theory by analyzing data. Grounded theory starts with a question and researchers review the data collected over and over to look for repeated ideas or concepts using doces to group the theories into categories and possibly into new theories (Broadhed, 1983). There are five steps when using grounded theory(p.87:.
Your post about the article on grounded theory was very informative. Grounded theory is a systematic method of qualitative inquiry and is time-consuming, complex process than a phenomenological study. The researcher has to start the process based on a search or interest but does not have to formulate the design or the research question. The nurse researcher has to be open to allow patterns or theories to emerge but should think in advance about basic ethical concerns such as consent and confidentiality (Engward, 2013).
Critics of cultural theory claim, since it has a microscopic view, that it is too narrow. A few questions that are proposed, but cannot be answered utilizing cultural theory alone: “So what is some people experience everyday life in certain ways?
The study finds out how a culture fits in to the society and how the society
Comparing Cultural Perspectives. Answer the following questions. [Note to instructor: Below are some possible types of questions, which may be written in the target language. Be sure to make reference to cultural products/practices, and perspectives in some of your questions. Specify which language
ii) Grounded theory refers to giving out a voice to participants in which then the researcher builds a proposed theory. This is demonstrated in the sampling method through requests discussing research by approaching appropriate people in relation to the recommendation of fitting researchers within the authority. Ethnography refers to providing description to daily life for individuals, groups or cultures. Ethnography is approached in the sampling method by seeking out the recommendations of those interviewed, and following them up.
120). Data using the grounded theory method is collected using journals, case notes, and information from previous studies (Sheperis et al., 2010). In addition, it was stated that interviews and data collected from interviews is the richest type of data since the data has such variety (Sheperis et al., 2010). However, in order for the participants to feel like the researcher can be trusted, allowing the participant to further open up and divulge information, the researcher must be sensitive and open in order to maintain a good client-researcher relationship (Sheperis et al., 2010). A limitation of this type of theory would be a researcher who does not possess the skill of being open and sensitive to their clients, not allowing proper data collection to take place on part of lack of provided information from participants. In comparison, a strength of this type of theory is that the grounded theory model looks at the data first, making researchers stop, take a look at the data, thinking about what was gathered, and then looking at the word or the topic which was researched in a different set of lenses or from a different view (Sheperis et al., 2010). Furthermore, this type of theory can be used to analyze complex social problems such as violence within groups or relationships. These problems can be between people and social structures or groups, without needing the
McCorkle and Pasacreta used a constructivist grounded theory (Polit, 2012) methodology consisting of a literature review combined with their own research to create a framework of
During this cultural observation, the anthropological concepts that will be examined will be: culture, society, language and communication and finally kinship. For the purpose of the observation, the concepts are defined as: culture is ideas and behaviors that are learned and transmitted and are not a genetic means of adaptation. Along with the understanding that society is the learned behavior patterns and thought that help a group adapt to its surroundings (Park 2015, p.G2). Language and communication being defined as the human communication by means of shared symbols in the form of sounds or representations of sounds (Park 2015, p.271). Last of the
2016, P.59). Observational study in a naturalistic setting allows the participants to feel comfortable expressing how they think and feel about difficult topics and discussions. Those observations become the story of that which is studied. Grounded theory, according to Trochim et al. (2006) creates a setting where the researcher develops theories and questions and then uses the qualitative data to expand the theory and questions with links of understanding (P. 62). Those links of understanding help provide a better “how” and “why” of research.
People behave accordingly to their culture which makes them to behavior in a certain direction. Thus, it is important for to a counselor to treat a client according to his or her culture. Some peoples' culture consists of religious beliefs, certain customs, rituals, which involves social, morals and values. Likewise, the part of a researcher is to deliver knowledge about the participant’s background and lifestyle which is essential for cultural competence (Sue & Sue, 2013, p. 9745). Also, (Code # A.2.c.) a researcher must respect their client’s culture and be culturally sensitive. Thus, it is important that researchers are culture competence when participants partake in a research study (ACA, 2014, p. 3). For this reason, the researcher most
Religion. This model is comprised of six different main ideas, theses key points are part of all cultural groups. The first point is communication. The features that influence communication are worldwide; these features differ between cultures regarding nonverbal communication, voice quality and articulation. The second factor is space, the views of space varies in each culture. Each culture has divers views on space regarding public, personal and intimate space. The third factor of Giger and Davidhizar’s Model is social orientation. Each culture has their own beliefs on social orientation in regards to work, religion, family role and friends. The fourth factor that plays into this model is time. Time is observed, measured and appreciated differently within different cultures. The fifth factor is environmental control. Environmental control entails procedures and methods that affect and are affected by persons or the culture as a whole. The sixth and last concept of the Giger and Davidhizar’s assessment model is biological variations. Each culture differs in biological variations, for example, metabolism, body weight, color of skin, certain diseases and different body structures.
This is important in order to gain data that is qualitative, that should give an account of views and emotions. The grounded theory approach also involves theoretical sampling which investigates incidents, and populations, therefore this tells us that the method used was relevant to this study. A theory should then that stem from the data, this concept was correct in this case, as several themes emerged from the results. The data is analysed as it is collected using interviews, or observations (Punch 1998 cited in Bell 2008). The researcher’s methods related to the grounded theory approach, as indicated.