Group Effectiveness

4603 Words19 Pages
A group can be defined as two or more humans that interact with one another, accept expectations and obligations as members of the group, and share a common identity. A definition of the term group should strike a balance between being sufficiently broad to include most social aggregates that are true groups and being sufficiently narrow to exclude most social aggregates that are not true groups. The following formal definition meets these criteria: A group is (a) two or more individuals (b) who influence each other (c) through social interaction. A group of people share a range of qualities and characteristics which signifies it from other groups. One facet of the group's entity is its emotional characteristics. Just as…show more content…
These rules serve many purposes, a very important one of which is to distinguish the group from the rest of the world; they are the features that identify it as a group and, amongst other things, define its boundary. A group with no boundary-defining rules would include everyone and cease to be a group! Agreeing to abide by the rules of a group involves some loss of individuality or freedom. In other groups the loss of individual freedom is minimal. In return for this loss, the individual gains not only such things as access to information and help with problem solving but also the opportunity to satisfy psychological needs, such as affiliation and security. The nature of the agreement between the individual member and the group has close parallels with the formal, informal and psychological aspects of the contract between an employee and an organisation. In the context of a group, the ‘formal contract’ involves things like the group objectives, membership, leadership, terms of reference and the responsibilities of individuals within the group. The ‘informal contract’ includes the way meetings are conducted, how disagreements are handled, what feelings can be expressed and in what way, and so on. The ‘psychological contract’ involves more nebulous matters such as the degree to which the group will tolerate and handle interpersonal issues, the degree of personal disclosure that is acceptable and how much support an individual can
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