Groups and Teams: The Tuckman Model

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Groups and teams: The Tuckman model Developmentally, our group is currently in the 'norming' phase of its development. We have proceeded past the orientation phase of 'forming' and have moved beyond the rocky 'storming' period during which our goals and roles were unclear and in flux. We still require some exterior direction to stay focused, however, which is why I do not believe we are currently in the 'performing mode' although I do believe that we will eventually attain the status of 'performing.' The 'forming stage' of group development is one in which "groups initially concern themselves with orientation accomplished primarily through testing. Such testing serves to identify the boundaries of both interpersonal and task behaviors" (Smith 2005). These tests include discussing how group procedures will operate; testing what is considered acceptable within the limits of group discussion (such as humor or when it is acceptable to interrupt a speaker); and also establishing leadership roles in both a formal and informal manner. The group is also highly dependent upon exterior direction. Our behaviors were consistent with the fact that there is "little agreement on team aims other than received from leader" during the 'forming' phase (Chapman n.d.). The most uncomfortable phase is undeniably the 'storming' phase in which "members vie for leadership position as they attempt to establish themselves in relation to other team members and the leader, who might receive

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