Guatemala And Vietnam : Analyzing Civil Conflicts

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Leobardo Espinoza Jr Prof. Stathis Kalyvas PLSC 359: Violence & Civil Strife Final Paper April 26th, 2015 Guatemala & Vietnam: Analyzing Civil Conflicts Studying civil wars can be a very complicated endeavor. This is because the topic is very difficult to break down. When scholars study civil wars, there are many variables that can’t be controlled that can skew data. This makes finding interactions between different variables more difficult. Their complex entanglement, in addition to there being many variables to begin with, makes studying civil wars interesting yet particularly challenging. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the world was experiencing a wave of conflict proliferation. From South America to Asia and everywhere in between, many states found themselves embroiled in civil conflict. With the US fighting communism from spreading and the Soviet Union fighting to make sure it spread, many domestic issues became internationalized when super powers (more often so than not) became involved. With the rivalry between both hegemons growing more intense, countries experiencing civil conflicts found themselves aided (and sometimes occupied) by both sides. Conflicts in smaller states became proxy wars as the US and the USSR battled it out for supremacy. In both Guatemala and Vietnam, they too got caught up in the middle of the fight. Although the civil wars of both countries began close in time to one another, it is important to analyze their differences in order to
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