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Guatemala Transition Paper

Decent Essays
The Central American country began the implementation of a transitional model from the authoritarian regime to civilian rule during 1982, which culminated in the full transition after the election of the civilian Vinicio Cerezo in 1985. The end of this transition period can be remarked in December 1996 with the Firm of the Peace Accords. These agreements became the framework on which the democratic model of the nation gravitates. In Guatemala, transition and consolidation have endured a difficult journey; perhaps the most important lesson of the transition process is that the establishment of democracy does not necessarily promote its consolidation. Guatemalan democracy has faced four crises during its 30 years of existence: the failed coup d’etat of the second transitional government (1993), the constitutional crisis of the “Jueves Negro" in 2003, the "Rodrigo Rosenberg" crisis in 2009 and the most recent (2015); the uncovering of a corruption case in the customs office that led to the resignation of the then President Otto Pérez, Vice President Roxana Baldetti and high ranking members of…show more content…
Since the transition, Guatemalans have participated in an election for the National Constituent Assembly (which produced the current Constitution in 1985), eight uninterrupted general elections to elect the executive and legislative branches of government as well as municipal authorities, and two popular consultations to reform the Constitution (1993 and 1999) (ASIES, 2012). (2) The end of political violence. It has been reduced exponentially during the 2000’s in comparison to past decades. However, violence has been transformed into issues related to organized crime and narco activity. And finally (3), the system has not suffered what Huntington (1994) noted as the authoritarian backlash against
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