UNIT 2: SAC 1 – Guernica, Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso, a Spanish born artist, had become the most well known name in modern art, with the most diverse and definite style and eye for artistic formation. There had been no other artists, prior to Picasso, who had such an influence on the art world; this is successfully demonstrated through his artwork titled ‘Guernica.’ Guernica makes a sturdy and solid political statement, painted as an immediate reaction to the Nazi’s devastating casual bombing practice and social injustice on the Basque town of Guernica in 1937. Guernica illustrates the tragedies associated with war and the suffering it imposes upon individuals, predominantly innocent civilians. This work has gained a monumental status, becoming a perpetual reminder of the calamities of war, an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace. The intense bombing of the town’s citizens whom were gunned down by aerial fire inclined and encouraged Picasso to focus on the suffering and despair of the bombing of Guernica.
The scene of the painting is one of confusion and chaos that successfully captures the environment that surrounded the horrific event, conveying utter and complete ferocity and fear associated with war. Picasso was influenced by the art movement and symbolism linked with cubism, including this element into his artwork as he was indeed one of the founders of the influential art movement during that period of time. He communicated ideas of war and violence in his