Gulliver 's Travels By Jonathan Swift

1116 Words5 Pages
Gulliver’s Travels was written by Jonathan Swift in 1721. Jonathan Swift, born in 1667 was an Irish satirist, poet and pamphleteer. He later became Duke of the St Patrick Cathedral in Dublin (Ireland). He was also a minister between 1710 and 1714 (Swift Biography 1). “Gulliver’s Travels” tells the story of Gulliver as he travels throughout the world and meets different societies. Each trip allows him to encounter some fascinating civilizations. The first trip of Gulliver is Lilliput, where the population is very short and warlike. The second journey sends him to Brobdingnag, a peaceful country of giants. In his third trip, after being attacked by pirates, he is welcomed to the Laputa Island where science is the main focus. Finally, Gulliver discovers the Houynhmms, population of horses who dominates the human race. Behind the description of those fascinating civilizations, is hidden a political satire of the eighteenth-century England. Swift inspires himself of the social and political situation of England at the time. He uses the method used by Thomas More, another satirist, to develop the political satire of England (Chlöe 1). For example, the method used to elect officials in the Lilliput society are opposite to the real world. The best dancers are elected as officials or other higher positions. This is controversial to our society standards where people are appointed to higher positions based on their intellectual capacities. Through this metaphor, we can see Swift’s
Get Access