Gulliver 's Travels By Jonathan Swift

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When people ever think of the famous novel Gulliver’s Travels written by Jonathan Swift, the first picture that would come to their mind is Gulliver’s dramatic comparison with the smalls or the giants in body size. The story of Lilliput (The land of Smalls) and the story of Brobdingnag (The land of Giants) are so widespread because of their both comic and humorous effect. They are favored by later literature carriers, like films and children’s books, generally in abridged and adopted editions. As a result, a considerable number of people mistakenly believe the book only consists of two parts. In fact, the book contains four parts, each dealing with one particular voyage during which Gulliver meets with extraordinary adventures on some remote island after he has met with shipwreck or piracy of some other misfortune. The interpretation of the meaning of the novel has always been disputable. The story has been depicted along an extensive spectrum ranging from children’s story to a discovery of human nature. Among the four parts of the novel, “A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms,”causes the most controversy. A dichotomy was established to demonstrate the two sides of human nature that are diametrically opposed to each other by creating two types of legendary beings–horse-like "Houyhnhnm" and human-like "Yahoo”. Gulliver gets some criticism for being a pessimist as he parallels human with Yahoo-an imaginary creature that is a symbol of wickedness. Universally, critics
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