`` Gulliver 's Travels `` By Jonathan Swift

1724 Words7 Pages
By definition, dystopian texts are texts which take place in a futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral, or totalitarian control. Throughout the last two to three hundred years, dystopian themes have been present in major, widely-circulated texts, with the earliest listed dystopian text, Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels”, dating back to 1726. And, while the 1800’s saw a good influx of dystopian texts, the first to catch my eye, and really grab hold of my attention wasn’t published until 1949: George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four”. Since the publication of George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four” near two…show more content…
This was a main theme from George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four”, in which the main character, Winston (and presumably, all other inhabitants of Oceania), lives in a home equipped with a telescreen (what we, today, would liken a television or computer monitor, equipped with a webcam). Through the telescreen, messages could be displayed to the resident, but everything happening inside the home could also be seen and heard by “Big Brother”. To someone for whom the concept of “Big Brother” is foreign (as is the case with the Big Brother housemates or with Winston in the book Nineteen Eighty-Four), having this telescreen - or any other source through which you can be monitored without your knowledge or consent, can be very unsettling. The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four really gave people something to think about. What might the world turn into, if dictators or tyrannical governments rose up and took hold of society? Could it ever be possible that the government might have such a hold on their citizens that thoughts could be controlled, and lies could be twisted into believeable truths? These are all questions that Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four raised. The impact that Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four has had on the literary genre of dystopian texts is undoubtable. The novel paved the way for many other’s like it. As a text, Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four followed a set of rules for what a dystopian text needed to be. It included an
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