Guns, Germs, And Steel : The Fates Of Human Societies

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Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies Jared Diamond wrote the book Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies with the sole purpose of answering one question: Why did history unfold differently on different continents? Jared Diamond got the inspiration for this question when his New Guinean friend, Yali asked him “Why is it that you white people develop so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea but we black people have little cargo of our own?” Part 1: From Eden to Cajamarca In chapter one, Diamond mainly discusses how the evolution of different organisms allowed for further development in the world. He writes that there are fossils of the first human ancestors (gorilla, chimpanzee, and the bonobo) located in…show more content…
The chapter elaborates on many environmental factors that could have impacted the difference noted in the culture and way of living for these two groups of people. The chapter continues with various examples supporting this thesis. Diamond describes the Battle of Cajamarca, a battle between Incas and the Spaniards, in chapter three. Francisco Pizarro led a Spanish army of 168 soldiers to victory, against an army of 80,000 Inca soldiers led by Atahualpa. Diamond talks about a few factors that aided the Spaniards in their defeat over the Incas, one being the element of surprise. Also the Incas didn’t stand a chance against the Spaniard’s steel armor, weapons and guns. Another factor that contributed to the Spaniard’s victory was that they brought a virus that the Spaniards were immune to, small pox. The Spaniards were able to succeed because they had guns, germs, and steel. Part 2: The Rise and Spread of Food Production Chapter four elaborates on the reoccurring theme of the effect of food production on an area. Diamond states the benefits of animal domestication and herding over hunter-gathering and the effects that it can have on a particular area. Diamond makes the argument that if there is steady food production in an area, there will be more people and they will be more technologically advanced. He also thinks that having domesticated animals will provide a constant supply of meat, milk, tools, warmth, transportation,
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