Essay Guns, Germs, and Steel Summer Reading

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Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond

1. Summarize Yali’s question. This requires mentioning race, intelligence, and development of technology. Yali asks "why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?" What Yali is asking is about the origins of inequality between countries and societies in the world. He wants to know why people of European descent are rich and powerful while people like him lack wealth and power. He is questioning the issues of race and technology. He wants to know if there is something "wrong" with non-white people that make them unable to be as advanced technology as white people. 1. 2. Summarize the three
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Because of this, whenever irrigation was needed, government had to come into existence as well. In this way, the development of irrigation led to the development of societies with centralized governments.

8. Summarize Diamond’s thesis. This requires you to first understand Yali’s question, and outline how Diamond proposes to answer this question. Diamond thesis is that people are wrong if they say that this is because of culture or anything like that, instead, Diamond wants to look at geographical factors. He will argue that accidents of geography are what made the Europeans rich and powerful.

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9. What is significant about 13,000 years ago or 11,000 B.C.? The significance of this time is that it was the time that agriculture was first developed. The development of agriculture is hugely important for Diamond. Diamond argues that the areas that developed food production first were the ones that had a huge advantage in becoming powerful societies.

10. What stage in human development does Diamond characterize as the Great Leap Forward? The "Great Leap Forward," to Diamond, is a time during which humans started to create tools and art that went far beyond anything that had been found up to that point; sometime around 50,000 years ago, this "Great Leap" occurred.

11. What are the major human achievements that characterize this Great Leap Forward? People started to make and use many more kinds of tools; they

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