Guthrie Essay

854 Words4 Pages
Everyone thinks differently and W. K. C Guthrie explains in his book The Greek Philosophers that philosophers think in a simple equation format. That equation, temperament x experience x previous philosophers, explains how philosophers abstain from “thinking in a void.” According to Guthrie this equation is the reason that “answers to the ultimate questions of philosophy have been so widely different” (Guthrie 19). Looking at a specific philosopher, Plato for example, this equation may be further analyzed. The first variable, temperament, is shown by Plato’s personality and interests, such as his concern for politics depicted in Plato’s Republic. The next, experience, explains why Plato has fixations with the ideas he possesses and the…show more content…
“He [Plato] maintained that the objects of knowledge, the things which could be defined, did exist, but were not to be identified with anything in the perceptible world. Their existence was in an ideal world outside space and time” (Guthrie 88) Guthrie goes on to explain that these two “worlds” would be known as the ‘’World of Forms’’ and the ‘’World of Becoming.’’ Plato’s experiences of the two worlds are illustrated by the “Allegory of the Cave,” a fictional narrate of the journey of a philosopher, more specifically Plato. The cave is used as a metaphor of the world of becoming. While the shackled only see what they believe is reality, digging deeper will reveal the shadows on the wall are a false sense of being. It takes the “philosopher” being unshackled to be enlightened by the outside world of the essences of ideas, which Plato describes as the “world of forms.” Plato’s experience in this “Allegory of the Cave” has led to the idea of the inequality of intelligence which explains that not everyone is so blessed to be the “Philosopher King.” The title also lays the foundation for the highest honor in Plato’s Republic. However, Plato’s teacher, Socrates, thought the opposite that there is an equality of intelligence. The two philosophers are each other’s influences and have a profound effect on philosophy as we know it. The final and arguably most important factor in Guthrie’s
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