HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF NURSING
When exploring the pages of history, it becomes apparent that nursing has always existed—and has primarily functioned—within a framework of human caring.
This legacy of human caring dates back to biblical times and has been integrated into every facet of nursing.
This content will discuss an overview of the historical evolution of nursing and nurse leaders that have shaped its current status.
Nursing in the prehistoric period was delineated by health practices that were strongly guided by beliefs of magic, religion, and superstition.
Individuals who were ill were considered cursed by evil spirits. Evil gods that entered the human body caused suffering and death and needed to be…show more content… They believed in the yin and yang philosophy; an imbalance between the two would result in ill health. Central to Confucius teaching was service to the community and the value of the family as a unit.
Yin: represented the feminine forces, which was considered negative and passive.
Yang represented the masculine forces, which were positive and active.
Taijitu is the traditional symbol that represents the forces of yin and yang. The most recognized form is composed of two semi-circular teardrop-shaped curves of different colors, or a circle separated by an S-shaped line, where each half is marked with a dot in a differing color. The two color choices are traditionally black and white.
Yin and Yang is used to describe how seemingly opposing forces are interconnected and interdependent in the natural world, giving rise to each other in turn.
Health practices are designed to promote health and harmony and include treatments such as acupuncture, hydrotherapy, massage, and exercise. Early literature showed the use of drug therapy to manage disease conditions with over 1000 drugs recorded.
Health and medical practices were adapted from the countries conquered. Physicians were enslaved and forced to provide details about their medical practice. Both female and male attendants assisted in the care of the sick.
The first military hospital in Europe was established in Rome.
Early Christian Era