HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

6273 Words Dec 15th, 2013 26 Pages
HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

COURSE OUTLINE

1. Concept and Rationale of History of education
2. A Brief History of Education in Ancient Greek and Roman Empire
3. African Indigenous System of Education/African Traditional Education
4. Islamic Education in Nigeria
5. Christian Missionary/Western Education in Nigeria
6. Nigerian Education Since 1960
THE CONCEPT OF EDUCATION
There seems to be no universally accepted definition of the word ‘education’. But this is not peculiar with education alone since terms such as Curriculum, Religion, Philosophy etc does not command a particular meaning. This simply means that like the terms mentioned above, education is an amorphous concept since there is no consensus and generally agreed
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This form of education is usually likened to traditional education.
2. Formal Education: Formal education is the form of education given in schools and colleges or institutions whereby students are organized into groups and classrooms for the purpose of acquiring knowledge from an appointed teacher. The aims and curriculum of this form of education are pre-planned with a designated teacher to expose students to learning experiences. The agencies through which knowledge is acquired in this form of education include Library, Museum, Zoo, Picture Galleries, Lectures and Symposium etc. The evidence to prove that one has acquired this form of education is usually the issuance and acquisition of certificate.
3. Non-Formal: This is an organized and deliberate means of acquiring knowledge but mostly outside the formal school settings. Non-formal education is acquired in trade houses like the carpenter and mechanic workshops, tailor’s shop, hair dressing and barbing salons etc’. It is a kind of master-apprentice relationship whereby the apprentice is expected to acquire certain skills after a period of time. This form of education is more concerned with school-drop-outs, adults and others who are not privileged to acquire formal education. Note that a close examination of the three forms of education reveals that they are all dependent on each other. For instance, formal education builds on the informal knowledge and experiences children have already learnt
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