HIV/AIDS: The Structure and Morphology of Infectious Agent

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HIV/AIDS Introduction HIV remains a world epidemic for all governments, whether super powers or developing nations. It infects and affects all people, generations, age, religion and any other division that exists (CAPAC Recognizes APIA HIV/AIDS Awareness Day 13). The Human Immunodeficiency Virus results into AIDS once fully developed. It currently affects millions of people in the United States, with new infections occurring everyday despite the several measures of sensitization and prevention conducted all over the world. The disease is a lifetime condition that to date has no cure. There are two categories of HIV, HIV 1 and HIV 2. Both of which are prevalent and have similar symptoms and effects upon the infected people. However, in the United States, the HIV 1 type is the most prevalent form of HIV disease. The Structure and Morphology of Infectious Agent The HIV belongs to the genus Lentivirus and the family Retroviridae. The members of the genus Lentivirus have different morphology and associate biological properties common for all. These viruses also infect and affect many species of the animal kingdom; the most affected being the human species. However, in the structures, the HIV has a relatively different structure from the other retroviruses. The HIV causing virus has a roughly spherical structure with a diameter of approximately 120 nm and around 60 times smaller than a red blood cell (Lowe 8). However, it is larger than the general structure of a virus. The
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