HIV/AIDS and Women

4590 Words19 Pages
Table of Content
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Table of content
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1
1. Introduction
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2
2. HIV/AIDS
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2
3. HIV/AIDS and women
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2
4. Special signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS in women
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3
5. Vulnerability of women to AIDS
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3
6. The challenges that HIV/AIDS infected women faced
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4
7. Transmission of HIV to women
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5
8. Global distribution of HIV/AIDS among women
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5
9. The impact of HIV on women
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7
10. Prevention
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11. HIV treatment
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9
12. Prevention Challenges
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11
13. The Global Response to HIV/AIDS
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11
14. The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS
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12
15. Women and HIV related MDGs, its target and impact of HIV to achieve the target
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13
16. HIV/AIDS and women in Bangladesh
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14
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Other symptoms often experienced months to years before the onset of AIDS include:

Lack of energy or fatigue
Weight loss
Frequent low-grade fevers and night sweats
Frequent yeast infections (in the mouth)
Skin rashes or flaky skin that is hard to heal
Short-term memory loss

Most symptoms of HIV disease are similar in men and women. Women who have HIV can have additional symptoms that happen more often. These include:

Vaginal yeast infections
Other vaginal infections such as bacterial Vaginosis; common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like gonorrhea, Chlamydia and Trichomoniasis; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infections that cause genital warts and can lead to cervical cancer; Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Infection of a women 's reproductive organs and menstrual cycle changes, such as not having periods

5. Vulnerability of women to AIDS:

There are vulnerabilities to HIV that are unique to women. These help to account for the differences in infection rates between men and women worldwide. Some of those vulnerabilities include:
Physical Differences: Women are especially susceptible to heterosexual transmission physically because the mucosal lining of the vagina offers a large surface area to be exposed to HIV-infected seminal fluid.

Easier to Transmit from Men to Women than Women to Men (biological vulnerability): Anatomical differences between men and women mean transmission from men to women is easier than the other way around. Much
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