HIV And HIV : Prevention And Prevention Of HIV

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HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a long-term (chronic) viral infection. HIV kills white blood cells that help to control the body's defense system (immune system) and fight infection. HIV spreads through semen, pre-seminal fluid, blood, breast milk, rectal fluid, and vaginal fluid. HIV is commonly spread through sexual contact and sharing needles or syringes, because these behaviors involve exchanging bodily fluids. Without treatment, HIV can turn into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), an advanced stage of HIV infection. AIDS is a very serious illness and can be life-threatening.
You have an increased risk of getting HIV if:
You have anal sex.
You are a woman.
You have multiple sexual partners.
You do not consistently use condoms.
How can I protect myself from HIV infection?
To protect yourself from HIV through sexual contact:
Use devices that eliminate the exchange of body fluids between partners (barrier protection) every time you have sex. Barrier protection can be used during oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Commonly used barrier methods include:
Male condom.
Female condom.
Dental dam.
If you are at risk, ask your health care provider about taking medicine that can prevent HIV infection (pre-exposure prophylaxis, PrEP).
Know the HIV status of your partner(s). If your partner is HIV-positive, make sure he or she has an undetectable viral load on HIV medicines.
Practice monogamy or limit the number of sexual partners you have.
The only

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