HIV Essay

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The HIV virus is a complex mix of various epidemics within several countries and regions of the world. It is unquestionably the most crucial public-health crisis of our time. Research has extended our understanding of how the virus reproduces, controls, and hides in a contaminated person. Even though our perception of pathogenesis and transmission of the virus has become more refined and prevention options have lengthened, a cure or protective vaccine remains intangible. In 1981, The New York Times published a detailed article about an outbreak of an unusual form of cancer among gay men in New York and California. It was primarily referred to as the “gay cancer”, but medically known as Kaposi Sarcoma. Around the same time, emergency …show more content…
Over decades, the virus gradually spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has spread to every country in the world and has infected 59 million persons worldwide, including 20 million who have already died. CDC estimates that about 56,000 people in the United States contracted HIV in 2006 (1). HIV is the virus that leads to acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. In terms of fatalities, with more than 35 million deaths, the AIDS epidemic now ranks alongside the influenza pandemic of the early 1900s and the Bubonic plague of the fourteenth century(4).
Many people don't have any indication of the virus when they first become infected with HIV. Some have flu-like signs, called HIV sero-conversion syndrome, a month or two after exposure to the virus. This illness may cause a variety of symptoms, as well as, diarrhea, enlarged liver or spleen, fever, enlarged or swollen lymph nodes, headache, muscle pain, nausea and vomiting, neurologic symptoms, rash on the abdomen, arms and legs and face, sore throat, and thrush, a common fungal infection of the mouth caused by Candida, a yeast-like fungus (8).
These symptoms typically disappear in a week to a month and may be

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