Hepatitis C (HCV) is a disease of the blood, caused by a history of intravenous (IV) drug abuse, blood transfusions received that were infected with HCV prior to 1992 when screening started, healthcare workers suffering from a needle stick, and recipients of donor organs that tested positive for HCV (Lewis, Heitkemper, Dirksen, & Bucher, 2014). A challenge that I have encountered in the office with getting treatment started for a patient is that not everyone in the clinic understands the clinical documentation and tests needed to receive therapy approval. The result of decreased knowledge of HCV treatment is the patient having to return to the clinic two or three times to obtain all required clinical data, which is prolonging the start of treatment. The purpose of this paper is to improve patient satisfaction with their treatment of HCV. I began with my pre-assessment of the novice to expert nurses, by asking them 30 questions. In the assessment, it tested the current knowledge that each individual had on HCV. After obtaining the needed data to come up with a program for the clinic, I was amazed at the different answers. I will be discussing the educational needs for improvement of HCV screenings, listing the questions used in the interview, listing the staff and their titles, listing educational needs I found during my assessment, and discussing what my case study topic will entail.
The prevalence of HIV in the African American community is unmatched by any other population. African Americans accounted for 49% of all HIV related deaths in 2010 (CDC, 2014). In my specialty area of family practice, I have encountered only one non-minority patient with HIV; all others have been African-American. This population needs to be of high consideration for disease education. African Americans are typically unaware of resources available to prevent the transmission of this disease, as well as testing available to them in their communities. African American children, especially, are at greater risk for HIV due to lack of knowledge and earlier age of engaging in sexual intercourse. They are typically unaware that their behavior can yield such a negative outcome (CDC, 2012). Many urban schools lack proper funding to accommodate a sexual education curriculum. It is of increased importance to raise awareness, educate and provide a plan of care for the African American teenage and adult population, as the incidence of this disease rises daily.
For years, nursing was a task-oriented career. A nurse’s primary responsibility was to provide for the physical needs of patients experiencing illness. Nursing has evolved into a profession, which holistically treats and educates patients in a variety of health situations including acute illness, chronic disease, and preventative care. The competent practice of patient education has become a critical element in nursing. This paper will show the process of formulating a detailed patient specific teaching plan for a patient newly diagnosed with Hepatitis C.
Addressing culturally enforced stigmas is a more difficult of a task. One approach to reduce the embarrassment and discrimination among students would be to implement peer health education. It has been shown that peer education “empower[s] students to help each other promote positive health beliefs and behaviors” (Sloane & Zimmer, 1993, p.241). Peer education programs can often reduce some of the stigma surrounding sexual behaviors and STDs. This is done by increasing the amount of understanding about these topics. By encouraging multiple women to speak, students can begin to understand that not only dirty, irresponsible individuals get STDs. Instead, it begins to humanize the afflicted population. These programs can act as a validation tool to assure afflicted women and educate uninfected women
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that is spread through sexual contact. This virus causes warts. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Persistent infection with high-risk HPV-types is associated with cancers, which include cervical, anal, and head/neck cancers (Chen, 2015). There is no cure for HPV infection.
HCV entry is the first step of interactions between virus and the target cell that is required for initiation of infection. Several host cell surface molecules including glycosaminoglycans, CD81, scavenger receptor class B type I (SRBI), members of the claudin family (CLDN1, 6 and 9) and mannose-binding lectins DC-SIGN and L-SIGN have been identified as putative HCV receptors orcoreceptorsas shown in Figure 2(Barth et al., 2006).
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an incurable illness that can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) - a life-threatening condition (CDC.gov). According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 1, 218, 4000 people aged 13 and older are living with HIV in the United States.
My primary prevention topic is sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention in Clark County, Nevada also known as Las Vegas. My target population is between the ages of 15-24 and is not gender specific. My target population includes the over 2 million residents who live within the 80,61 miles of Clark County and the 39 million yearly visitors. (Nagourney, A. 2013) The demographics of the residents are noted by the United Sates Census Bureau (2015) as White alone 71.6%, Hispanic or Latin American 30.6%, Africana American 11.8%, Asian 10.1% Two or more races 4.4%, Native American, and Alaskan Native 1.2% Hawaiian and Pacific Islander 0.8%. Demographics are not available on visitors to Calrk County. In Clark County, owner-occupied housing
Brock: These children’s parents are capable of talking to their kids about these topics. If their parents want them to know about Hiv and birth control then they should bring it up to their kids. Schools can’t make that choice for parents what about if
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is responsible for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and attacks the T-4 lymphocytes, which are a fundamental part of the immune system of man. As a result, reduces the responsiveness of the organism to cope with opportunistic infections caused by viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi and other microorganisms. At the moment in which the AIDS virus is spreading with frightening speed and very dangerous and that there is a collective concern about AIDS, we must cling to developing our greatest means of defense known so far, which is information. Although AIDS is deadly, it can be prevented, and in that sense we all have an obligation to be met by seeking and disseminating information. This
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV as it is commonly known was first seen in the United States about thirty years ago before it generated the world 's attention. Since then thousands of American have lost their lives to AIDS and millions more have become infected. As a health organization, GA Carmichael has a growing population of patients infected with HIV. As the
From the first research on Research on uptake, use and effectiveness of PrEP for HIV negative persons with partners living with HIV, the following is a summary is a summary of the results obtained. Descriptive statistics was used to summarize the traits of the couples and trends of PrEP use. The total number of couples that were deployed for this study were n=1010. A considerable number of couples showed characteristics that were in line with having a high risk of HIV transmission, that is, 41%(n=414)of the couples living with HIV/AIDS had plasma HIV RNA concentration of >50000copies/ml and 65%(n=657) reported to having not used condoms during sex in the previous months.
Exploration of HIV HIV infection is a worldwide outbreak – a deadly disease – affecting people everywhere. The spread of HIV infection has occurred on such a scale, and the impact of the disease is potentially so devastating to world health, that
HIV, or the human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus found in human beings that primarily infects cells that are part of the immune system, but can affect other cell types as well. HIV is what is called a retrovirus, meaning it has the coding system of RNA opposed to DNA. AIDS is a virus that is caused by HIV and has many different symptoms that vary with different individuals. HIV causes symptoms such as severe infections that can lead to pneumonia and changes of the skin like red or purple patches. The virus can spread through sexual contact or the exchange of blood.
This report is intended to provide an evaluation and assessment of Programs to Increase the Utilization of HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among Men Who have Sex with Mem (MSM) and Transgender Individuals and Collaborative Efforts to Metropolitan Statistical Area, offered by the International Black Women’s Congress (IBWC) in response to the request for proposal for The Virginia Department of Health, Division of Disease Prevention for the delivery of HIV services in the Virginia Beach/Norfolk/Newport News Metropolitan Statistical Area (VBN-MSA), that contribute towards improving outcomes along the HIV Care Continuum and reaching the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy.