HIV

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The number of women contracting HIV is on the rise. They account for 50% of all projected HIV infections throughout the world each year (Gurung, 2014). Inner-city minority adolescent girls are at an increased risk of obtaining sexually transmitted HIV, and evidence portrays HIV infections are growing in this population (Fisher, Fisher, Bryan & Misovich, 2002). It is imperative to address the culture surrounding these young women and noticing what puts them at risk; a targeted intervention, and a sustainable intervention is needed to reduce the number of women contracting HIV. Inner-city adolescent women live in an overcrowded, noisy, stressful, and potentially physically dangerous area. Many of these adolescents begin engaging in sexual…show more content…
Many people residing in the inner city live in poverty, may be uninsured or underinsured, and have poor access to health care (Flash et al., 2014). If a woman does contract HIV, she may not know the symptoms associated with the disease and not reach out for medical attention. Mental health is a factor that receives little attention. Adolescents who have depression or low-self esteem are correlated to using of illegal drugs, engaging in sexual behavior, and for developing of AIDS (Azzarto, 1997). It is necessary and important to intervene with these adolescents while they are still young. A targeted intervention that is tailored to a specific culture is an effective way to reduce the risk of HIV (Gurung, 2014). A school-based intervention in conjunction with peer and community intervention could have a positive effect. School-based interventions alone have not been proven to have a meaningful impact on the HIV risk for the adolescent (Fisher et al., 2002). Combining classroom and peer intervention has been shown to provide and HIV prevention effect (Fisher et al., 2002). In the long-term, abstinence only interventions have not been established to be effective. However, combining abstinence only intervention with the safer sex promotion of using condoms and monogamy may provide more resources to the adolescence (Abraham et al., 2011). The intervention that empowers the adolescent with challenging activities, operates in the neighborhoods in which they live, and

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