HPV Infection

1109 Words5 Pages
Diana Lee
Mr. Tomassen
Block A
May 23, 2016
HPV
HPV, an abbreviation for human papilloma virus, is the most common sexually transmitted infection. According to the CDC, about 14 million people in US gets infected with HPV annually (“Human Papillomavirus” CDC). HPV is so common that it infects at least 75% of all people who are sexually active once during their lifetime (“Human Papillomavirus” Canadian Cancer Society). The infection with HPV usually occurs soon after the onset of sexual activity. This paper will cover what HPV is, its effects on the body and prevention. HPV lives in the body’s flat and thin cells on the skin’s surface called epithelial cells (“Information About the Human Papillomavirus”). There are more than 200 related viruses
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Often times these HPV infection goes away over the course of one or two years due to elimination of the infected cells by the body’s immune system, making it hard to know when or from whom a person got the virus. However, sometimes these infected cells are not destroyed, and a persistent infection results and grows, developing mutations in genes, leading to the formation of warts and cancers (“HPV and Cancer”). The term “papilloma” actually refers to warts that results from some HPV types (“Information About the Human Papillomavirus”). HPV is the most common cause of genital and common warts (“HPV Infection”). Genital warts appear as small, flat, cauliflower-like bumps mostly on the vulva for women and penis and scrotum or around the anus for men. (Ibid.) These genital warts rarely cause discomfort or pain, though they may itch (Ibid.). Common warts usually occurs on hands, fingers or elbows with rough, raised bumps (Ibid.). The majority of common warts are unsightly, but they can be also painful and lead to injury or bleeding (Ibid.). Often, warts are confused with other skin problem that are not sexually transmitted and since they are contagious, it is easy to spread it by contact with a wart or with something that touched the wart (Ibid.). Small number of infection with high-risk HPV can cause cancers such as cervical, oropharyngeal, anal or other rarer cancers, and amongst these types of cancers, cervical cancer is the most frequently appeared cancer (Ibid.). HPV is a well-established cause of cervical cancer. About 12,000 women in the US get cervical cancer each year and nearly all of those cases are associated with HPV (Ibid.). Many people have misunderstanding of the relationship between warts and cancer, however, warts are not cancerous and cancers are caused by different HPV
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