HPV: The Most Common Sexually Transmitted Infection Essay

1539 Words7 Pages
Introduction The most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) is human papillomavirus (HPV) (CDC, 2013). Over half of sexually activity people will become infected with HPV at some point in their lifetime (National Cancer Institute, 2012). HPV can fall into two categories: low-risk HPV and high-risk HPV (National Cancer Institute, 2012). Low-risk HPV, also known as HPV types 6 and 11, cause about 90% of genital warts (National Cancer Institute, 2012). High-risk HPV, also known as HPV types 16 and 18, causes about 70% of cervical cancer (National Cancer Institute, 2012). There are two HPV vaccines available for females (Cervarix and Gardasil) that protect against cervical cancer (CDC, 2013). The CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization…show more content…
Since HPV is spread through sexual activity, many people believe requiring the vaccine unethical (Shi & Johnson, 2014). Recent studies have shown that groups who are at the highest risk for cervical cancer are the ones who have the lowest uptake of the HPV vaccine (Shi & Johnson, 2014). Required vaccines for school entry have been successful at making sure children are vaccinated before they enter school, regardless of their race, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and geographic location (Shi & Johnson, 2014).
What considerations might count against mandatory HPV vaccination for all girls aged 11-12? There are many ethical and legal issues that count against a mandatory HPV vaccination for all girls aged 11-12 years old. First, the long-term safety and effectiveness of the vaccination is unknown (Javitt et al., 2008). Clinical trials conducted on the HPV vaccine concluded no short-term adverse effects, but as more girls and young women begin to get the vaccine some adverse effects may appear (Javitt et al., 2008). The extent immunity of the HPV vaccine is also unclear. Studies have shown the vaccine to be present in 3-4 year follow-ups, but the long-term effectiveness has not been studied (Javitt et al., 2008). Furthermore, HPV has a long incubation period, which would only affect a small amount of individuals many years after they finish school (Stewart, 2008). Next, since HPV is only contracted through sexual activity, exposure is not associated with

More about HPV: The Most Common Sexually Transmitted Infection Essay

Get Access