Hades and the Odyssey

1451 WordsFeb 21, 20186 Pages
Hades, also known as Aides and Aidoneus, was the son of Kronos and Rhea, and the youngest brother of Zeus and Poseidon. He was the ruler of the mythological subterranean region called the underworld, which was inhabited by the “shades” or spirits of the dead. It was also home to dethroned or exiled deities who had been overthrown by Zeus and his allies. Hades and his brothers, Zeus and Poseidon, dethroned Kronos and the other Titans and then divided up earth among the three of them. Zeus reined the sky, Poseidon the sea and Hades ruled the underworld. The name “Hades” has been synonymously used for both the god of the underworld and the underworld itself. It is necessary to distinguish between Hades the location and Hades the god of the Underworld, the god of the dead. Hades comes from a Greek root meaning "unseen," "hidden," or "unknown." In Egypt, the equivalent of Hades is Amenti which means "hidden place" or "place of the hidden god," ; and in the roots of the word hell, had a sense of "hiding" or "concealing." Unlike the Christian concept of heaven and hell, which have separate locations, the Greek underworld was home to the souls of the virtuous and the damned, the good and the bad. In Hades the souls were separated in different sections or realms of the underworld, but all of the realms were apart of the same subterranean location. Individuals’ conduct on earth was the defining factor in deciding which realm they would be sent to; much like the judging of the
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