Haemophilia In Australia

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Haemophilia is a genetic disorder that is passed through generations on the x chromosomes, that affects the clotting factor in the blood and makes patients more prone to spontaneous and injury-resulted bleeding which is usually internal. According to the Haemophilia Foundation Australia (2015), there are over 3,000 cases of haemophilia in Australia, and more than half the cases are in males. The National Haemophilia Foundation (2013) website shows that cases of haemophilia go back to the 2n d century, where Jewish boys who have records of uncontrollable bleeding leading to death in their family do not have to undergo circumcision, also cases in 10th century Arabia show deaths of males after uncontrollable bleeding due to trauma. The first…show more content…
The role of the DNA molecules is to replicate cells for growth and repair. Genetic disorders are inherited by a father or mother, the genes are mutations or a parent’s gene or gene group (MedicneNet.com, 2015). The Better Health Channel by the State Government of Victoria (2015) states that “a genetic disorder is caused by an altered gene or set of…show more content…
When looking a family genetics, a physician or genetic counselor will look at a person’s family history from three past generations, this helps to find if any relatives carry the disease. Factor levels are the measure of clotting factors in the blood, this test is 70-90% accurate and shows that people carrying the disease have lower levels of factor. Age, health, pregnancy, nursing and some medications can affect the clotting factors in women, which can affect the reliability of the test in finding the disease. The most accurate way to find if a woman carries the disease is to have a DNA test, two tests are available: direct and indirect testing. Direct mutation testing is when a blood sample is when scientists look for mutations within a woman’s DNA, if found chances are she is a carrier of haemophilia. Indirect, or linkage testing is taken when a mutation cannot be found within the DNA, this method is done by looking at a person’s DNA patterns and comparing them to their families. This testing is not as accurate but can give an understanding of where the disease is coming from within a
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