The third primary class of commonly abused drugs are known as hallucinogens. This class is traditionally divided into three subcategories. The first, and most common class is psychedelics. Drugs that fall under this subcategory include LSD, mescaline or peyote, DMT and ayahuasca. The second subcategory is the dissociative category. Drugs of this category include PCP, special K, magic mushrooms, and DXM. The third category of hallucinogens is the deliriants category. Members of this category include mandrake, belladonna, Benadryl and Dramamine in some cases. (The Good Drugs Guide)
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide or LSD is a hallucinogenic drug that can be taken orally, injected or even absorbed through the skin. Once LSD has entered the body, it starts to take effects on the levels of serotonin in the brain which can cause; hallucinations, mood change, and even sensory distortion. After taking LSD, the effects on the brain usually last from 6 to 9 hours depending on multiple factors; the dosage of LSD taken, the subject taking LSD, and even the user 's mood can affect the duration of LSD use. LSD is a non-lethal, non-addictive, and a non-habit forming drug that has little to no effect on the long-term health of an individual. However, LSD has been illegal since the 1960 's. Not only did availability of LSD become scarce with the criminalization of the substance, but the legislation also put a halt on the research of the chemical as well. Much of the way LSD interacts with the brain has been left unknown. This derivative from the rye fungus Ergot has been the source of controversy that has left many people wondering why LSD has been classified as a drug that is just as dangerous to use as heroin. It becomes difficult for an individual to understand how legislation could criminalize a chemical without completely understanding how it functions and affects people. LSD should be legalized for scientific, medical and recreational usage.
I chose psilocybin or hallucinogenic drugs because their strange effects are interesting. Plus I would like to know what I might be doing to my body, if I try it one day. Hallucinogenic drugs have been around since the beginning of time. It’s used in an attempt seek spiritual enlightenment. During modern time hallucinogenic drugs are a scheduled one drug. However, they may improve mental health in several different ways, from people with mental illness to helping people overcome addiction. Also the drug can improve lives of people who suffer from depression. The use of psilocybin can be beneficial to society in a sense. Psilocybin has spiritual, mental, and medical benefits.
The use of psychedelics for Spiritual purposes, etc. “Psychoactive substances exert their their effects by modifying biochemical or physiological processes in the brain.” Psychedelics are taken out of context to be for recreational use only, when they can be taken to enhance spiritual journeys.
Hallucinogens as Medicine 1 Hallucinogens as Medicine Melody Gambino Psychology 101 Hallucinogens as Medicine 2 Abstract The article discusses research on the use of hallucinogens for medical therapies applicable to cancer, drug addiction, and
There are many substances in this world that are used and abused in order to achieve pleasing psychoactive effects. Two substances of such nature that are abused in today’s society are alcohol and LSD. Alcohol is a liquid that is derived from the fermentation of grains and/or fruit (7). LSD is an ingestible form of lysergic acid which is derived from a fungus called ergot. Both of these drugs are drastically different with minimal similarities, primarily because alcohol is classified as a depressant and LSD is classified as a hallucinogen. Even though these drugs differ in many ways, they are commonly used in unison.
I am going to be talking about the different drugs that make a human hallucinate. I will describe what the drugs are, what they do to the human brain, and what they can do to the human body. Hallucinogens are drugs that cause false sensory messages and alter the perception
During a visit to Mexico, Gordon Wasson, a mycologist, discovered the use of psilocybin mushroom in spiritual ceremonies by Indian tribes. Upon experiencing the spiritual and hallucinatory effects of the mushroom, Wasson returned to the area accompanied by an experienced mycologist, Roger Heim, who managed to cultivate the mushroom
Jyllian Kemsley Ph.D. is a chemical research scientist, and scientific research contributor to the CENtral Science’s Safety Zone blog that seeks to “cover science and technology, business and industry, government and policy, education, and employment aspects of the chemistry field”. Her article entitled “Psychedelic Compounds like Ecstasy May Be Good for More than Just a High", reports on the revolutionary research theory within the field of medicine that seeks to examine the prospective benefits of using psychoactive compounds in treating a number of mental conditions. The piece is well written, and presents a number of background studies that have evaluated the efficiency of these
Another clinical study of psilocybin done at the University of Arizona and led by Francisco Morena, was conducted in 2007 to evaluate the effects of psilocybin on the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder in nine subjects. The researchers addressed two questions: does oral ingestion of psilocybin lead to an acute decrease in OCD symptoms and is what dose is required to demonstrate significant reduction in symptoms. The results revealed that when administered in a supportive clinical environment, psilocybin was safe and well tolerated. The psilocybin was associated with “transient symptomatic reduction of OCD symptoms in subjects with treatment-resistance OCD”( ). Although there is an understanding of the psychedelic mechanism of action of psilocybin, it’s not clear exactly which receptors and pathways are involved in mediating the anti-obsessional responses. The intent of the study was not to conduct psychedelic-facilitated therapy, however five of the subjects readily described their experiences as very psychologically and spiritually enriching and four of the subjects reported profound positive transcendental experiences such as exploration of other planets, visiting past-life reincarnations and interacting with deities. The results also showed most subjects reporting symptom reduction experiences a period of relief that extending far beyond the session. In summary, although there are some gaps in the understanding of how the psilocybin interacts to reduce OCD
Anxiety and depression give into the power of the potent psilocybin. Emerging studies show the incredible therapeutic experience of psilocybin with sustained treatment. In a study at the New York University, in a study of psilocybin treatment for anxiety and depression, one patient described the experience saying, “Magic mushrooms trump Xanax resoundingly. Rather than getting rid of one’s anxiety, Xanax just numbs it until the medication’s effects wear off. At that point another pill is required. In his words “you’re not taking it and it solves your problem. You take it and you solve your problem yourself.” Prescription drugs often exacerbate one’s condition or manifest an addiction to the drug prescribed. These drugs are costly and toxic to the body; psilocybin is free and is proving to be unhazardous to health in recent studies. (Westlund
This lecture covered stimulants and hallucinogens, such as the morning glory which has alkaloids similar to LSD, but has about 10th the potency of LSD. Typically the seeds are coated with an herbicide so users must be cautious when using morning glory. Mescaline is derived from the peyote cactus, and is not legal in America, but is permitted in some states for the use among Native American religious ceremonies. Plants with hallucinogenic properties such as belladonna, mandrake, henbane, and Datura have all been around for centuries, and have serve various purposes other than just the psychoactive effects. Henbane has been used as part of a cure for alcoholism, as well as being used to poison hamlets father. The ancient Chinese used Datura to
In 2009 University of California and Harvard began research once again for medical uses and chronic headaches. So far reports show that when used correctly all patients report emotional ease and none have reported panic or delusion. (Medical Uses for LSD, 8). According to “Medical Daily”, LSD shows a positive trend in reducing anxiety in just two sessions. What’s more, it seems that now that LSD is being regulated better no studies are finding the ill side-effects of the 1950s. Prescribing LSD to combat alcoholism is proving to be very successful (Science Daily). The effects last several months with the patient not drinking. Scientists believe that repeated doses coupled with standard alcoholism treatments will give a sustained cure.
Prescription hallucinogens: There are no hallucinogens currently on the market as prescription medications. According to Wu, hallucinogens were initially used to treat patients who suffered from alcoholism and cancer, the actual effects of this class of drugs was not clearly known until 1943 (par. 16). There was minimal further testing in the 1960s of possible benefits of hallucinogens, however none have not been successful yet. The effects of the drugs on each person is too unpredictable to be used
One of the first areas of LSD experimentation was in treating alcoholism (Dye, 1992, p.36). After extensive research, it was concluded that LSD was not effective on treating alcoholism and the research was discontinued.