At some point, most people are likely to experience a time of confusion, a time of wondering why they are the way they are, or why they feel the way they feel. Sometimes, people do not even question why they are the way they are, they just have a feeling of emptiness or not belonging. Some may face their problems while others may run away. Today, we are going to look at the case study of Hank, a man who is socially awkward, extremely skilled in computers, overweight, and a heavy smoker. The hope of this paper is to give some insight into the reasoning behind Hank’s problems. This analysis will look at the possibility of fixation, anxiety, repression, and even some showing of symbolic behavior.
First, let’s briefly look at the background…show more content…
If someone were to get stuck in any of these phase, it could cause personality problems. These stages include: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital.
In the oral stage, pleasure is received through the mouth. In the anal stage, pleasure is received through the anus. The phallic stage’s erogenous zone is the genitals with masturbation being the highlight. The latency stage is the stage where a child tends to calm down. The last stage, the genital stage, is where the sexual energy is finally focused towards someone of the opposite sex. Before this last stage, sexual energy was pointed at the parent/caregiver of the opposite sex.
In this case study, Hank is seemingly stuck in the oral stage. As I mentioned above, the oral stage is the very first stage of development, and takes place in the first eighteen months of life. The erogenous zone, or area of sexual energy discharge, is the mouth, the lips, etc. This is why the term is coined “oral stage.” At this point in life, children find pleasure from the bottle or nipple during feeding. The conflict arises during the process of weaning or feeding. Freud argued that if the child was overfed or not fed enough during this stage, they could potentially find themselves stuck in this stage, becoming an oral-fixated person. People who are oral-fixated tend to smoke, need continuous oral stimulation (eating, chewing), and even run a much higher risk of becoming alcoholics.