Happiness In Zoos

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As said by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” Every year, 700 million people visit zoos or aquariums worldwide. The zoo and aquarium industry contributes billions of dollars to the U.S economy annually. They claim to be “saving the animals from the danger in their habitats and saving endangered animals,” yet only 5 percent of animals in captivity are endangered and 1 percent have been returned to their natural habitat. The real question is: can animals live a healthy physical and emotional life in a zoo? Animals cannot live a healthy emotional and physical lifestyle in zoos because of developing stress, increased mental disease, and distance away from their habitats. Human beings are the most intelligent animals out there because of the ability to reason, comprehend, and feel certain things that other animals cannot. Happiness is one of the many things that motivate a human being and is already hard enough to define in people. The best way to determine happiness is the lack of stress experienced, but how do humans determine happiness in animals? Stress can be easily measured in animals through observation, such as health, behavior, and bodily wastes. Although, stress in animals can increase when they are removed from their natural habitats, not fed properly, and neglect. Many recent reports have shown that zoos have struggled to care for its animals and reducing their stress, for

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