Happiness

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30/04/2013 Workplace Happiness Lecture Key Questions • What is happiness? • Why is happiness important? • Cognitive Lens: How do we understand/misunderstand what will make us happy at work? • Situational Lens: When are people happy at work? • Trait Lens: Who is happy at work? What is Happiness? 1 30/04/2013 What is Happiness? • Happiness: – an emotional state. – how you feel about yourself and the world. • Satisfaction with Life: – more global judgment about your acceptance with your life conditions. – more of a cognitive assessment. What is Happiness? 2 pathways to well‐being Removing negative states • Depression • Anxiety • Insecurity • Addiction • Violence Promoting positive states • Hope • Optimism…show more content…
Who is happy? • Winning the cortical lottery is generally more important than winning the actual lottery when it comes to positive emotions! • • • • High Emotional Stability High Extroversion High Promotion focus High Approach Motivation Starts when we are young! • Babies who show a lot more activity on the right side of the forehead become toddlers who are more anxious about novel situations • As teenagers, they are more likely to be fearful about dating and social activities; • Finally, as adults, they are more likely to need psychotherapy to loosen up. • Having lost out in the cortical lottery, they will struggle all their lives to weaken the grip of an overactive withdrawal system. 5 30/04/2013 Hedonic Adaptation to life events • Lottery winners tend to go up • Accident victims go down • Both return to general set‐point Optimism Matters Social Factors • Relationships matter • Progress towards goals matters • Connection between purpose of work and tasks appears to matter • Autonomy matters 6 30/04/2013 Interpersonal Relationships • Durkheim’s study on suicide • Social rejection is the number
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