Happiness, Unhappiness, And Forms Of Government

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Happiness, Unhappiness, and Forms of Government Mill approaches the great source of human happiness to be from the cooperation of the mass to achieve the general good, while Marx approaches the source of both happiness and suffering to be from the private property, since it creates a conflict relationship between the two historical classes. However, even if the two authors diverge on the issue of the origins of human happiness and unhappiness, they converge on the question of the goal of the government: fostering an environment in which the majority can be pleased, even if some have to sacrifice. Mill finds the source of happiness of humans from “pleasure”, and the source of unhappiness from “pain”, the two main constituents of…show more content…
If those who are to be educated strive for what is the best for the general population, the society will achieve the greatest pleasure and minimal pain, thereby achieving the utility. Reversely, unhappiness—pain—of the society derives from the lack of “mental cultivation (Mill, Utilitarianism, 105), which leads to egocentricism. They are correlated in a way that those who are uneducated and therefore does not have the sense of dignity as a “higher faculty” would be ignorant of the utility; therefore, they would not contribute to produce utility in any circumstances, Mill would blame. Because Mill thinks that the education will set anyone from ignorance, he would suggest that the best element of life is education. It is to be noticed that he does not specify any class in his literature; rather, he wishes anyone and everyone to be educated, and contribute to the society they reside in. Only through education, he asserts, one can become useful to the society, which shows that the education is the great equalizer of the society. Since he values the educated quality of the people, and wishes to see them sacrificing for the utility, the best governmental or political system he would argue for is a representative democracy. Even if the educated individuals may be ready to self-sacrifice, the discussion needs to come first; through the mass
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