Happiness and Moral Value

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Happiness and Moral Virtue In Aristotle's Nicomachaen Ethics, the principle concern is the nature of human well-being. According to Aristotle, everything we do in life, we do for the sake of some good, or at least something perceived to be good (1094a1-3). When inquiring as to whether there is some good desired for its own sake, Aristotle envisioned a problem that either there is an infinite series of goods desired for the sake of something higher, in which case one's desires can never be satisfied, or there must be some highest good that is desired for its own sake and for which everything else is desired (1094a17-22). Then, according to Aristotle, the highest good must be final, it must be desired for its own sake and not for the…show more content…
This restricted audience can limit the perception of happiness, and the use of this knowledge. Those who have serious doubts about the value of such virtuous qualities may not be convinced to adopt them. One argument against Aristotle's view of virtue as a mean state between the extremes of excess and deficiency would be social/moderate drinking of alcoholic beverages. Studies have shown that drinking only two alcoholic beverages a day can lead to alcoholism, although, one could define this behavior as acting in moderation, as one is not drinking to become intoxicated. As the alcoholism develops one may display acts of rage, violence and theft as a result of the condition. Thus, through use of moderation one displays character against moral virtue, and ultimately does not show happiness. The only way to abolish such acts is to completely relinquish alcohol, exhibiting deficiency. Through deficiency one would return to the state of character before the moderate use of alcohol, whether virtuous or not. Aristotle also claims that justice and happiness is what is good for the state, i.e.… society, although society does not always act in accordance with moderation. During the flourishing Roman society, citizens would consume food in a gluttonous matter, and vomit to consume more. Though, from literature the individual citizens were conceived to be happy. Aristotle's sort of study in the understanding of
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