Hard Times

952 WordsMay 19, 20024 Pages
.Hard Times In the novel Hard Times, by Charles Dickens, we can immediately see the problems that occurred in England around the times period of the mid 18oo's. Dickens shows us how the class system works and what the economy was then and what it would shape out to be. This novel is split into three books, the "Sowing", "Reaping", and "Garnering". In the first book, we can see that it is aptly named because we begin to learn about who the characters are and what they are about. The characters begin to "sow" or plant their identities, and we can now see the framework of the first book. In the second book, we can see that the characters are beginning to "reap" what sowed in the first book. They sowed seeds of unkindness, logic,…show more content…
The "Father of Economics" or Adam Smith, is the creator of " An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations", which examines the consequences of economic freedom. It also covered the role of self-interest; the division of labor, the theory being if everyone does what he or she does best, the society as a whole would become more productive; the function of markets; and the international implications of a laissez-faire economy (Smith, BookIV ChapterII). Dickens also believes that the economic system of nineteenth century England was based on self- interest. We can see this in a conversation by Bitzer as he said, "…the whole social class system is a question of self-interest" (Dickens 267). Bitzer's only incentive for wanting to turn in Tom Gradgrind, was to get a promotion in to his spot at the bank. This was the way he was taught and this philosophy was thrown back into Gradgrinds face. Throughout, the novel Hard Times, we can see how Dickens draws a resemblance to the works of Adam Smith and Thomas Malthus. We also learn his viewpoints on certain aspects of life. He makes a mockery of the Industrial revolution, by referring to it as the roaring furnace to Fairy Palaces and the factories to elephants from which belch forth the serpents of death-giving smoke (Dickens 60,65). We also learn, through the words of Blackpool, which he believes that the laws of England are unfair to the poor working man. As seen when

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