Harmony Within The City And Soul

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Harmony within the city and soul

Plato’s Republic proposes numerous, intriguing theories ranging from political idealism to his contemporary view of ethics. It is because of Plato’s emerging interpretations that philosophers still refer to Plato’s definitions of moral philosophy as a standard, universally. Plato’s most argued concept could be said to be the analogy between city and soul in Book IV, and I will discuss how this could possibly due to key flaws in his assumptions, as well as failure to be specific in his definitions. In spite of this, Plato’s exposition on ethics is still relevant for scholars and academics to study, due to his interpretive view of morality and justice.

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Socrates attempts to formulate a definition for, “moderation,” to investigate how this virtue comes into play with souls. Initially, Socrates elucidates how moderation is often perceived as “mastery of certain kinds of pleasures and1 desires,” (430e) and ridicules the word, “self-control” as he exposes how, controller of the weak and strong are both the same individual, meaning that there is nothing to control other than oneself. Plato’s mockery shifts to discussion, as he examines how a “master of himself” is one whose “better part” is stronger and in control, while a “self-defeated” individual is one whose bad component overpowers (431a). Just as Thrasymachus argues in Book I, that justice is, “the advantage of the stronger,” (338b) and whether people who are actually ruling are those

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