Harriet Beecher Stowe Essay

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Biographical Summary Uncle Toms Cabin, written by Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe in 1852, made her the most widely known American woman writer of the 19th century. She was a housewife with six children, who opposed slavery with a passion. With the advice of her sister-in-law she decided to write this novel. Harriet or nicknamed “Hattie” Beecher was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut. She was the sixth out of eleven children and was born into a family of powerful and demanding individuals. With her mom, Roxanna Foote Beecher dying when she was only 4 years old, Harriet only had a father figure to look up to growing up. Her father, Lyman Beecer, was a leading Congregationalist minister who preached anti-slavery sermons.…show more content…
This is what first influenced Harriet to begin writing. When Harriet had moved to Brunswick Maine with her family, the United States Congress had just passed the Fugitive Slave Law. Shortly after, she had planned to write a protest of slavery since her experiences in Cincinnati. Stowe then began to work on Uncle Toms Cabin, which first appeared in serial form in a Washington, D.C. antislavery newspaper called the National Era. The book was first published March of 1852, in a two-volume set. It became an immediate success and sold 300,000 copies in its first year. Years later, Harriet began touring all over the world, and her novels Uncle Tom’s Cabin along with Dred: A Tale of Great Dismal Swamp were both very known in England. Another crucial experience was when she met Abraham Lincoln in 1862. He thought of Harriet’s controversial novel as a catalyst for the opposition of the Civil War. Lincoln had told her that she was “the little lady who started our big war” (Encyclopedia of World Biography 485). Harriet Stowe’s writing style is very narrative and informal. Her famous book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, is extremely personal and puts a direct storyline to slavery, which caused it to be very contentious. Those who supported slavery convicted Stowe’s work and said that it was just an overwrought story with an unrealistic model of what slavery was really like. Stowe became notorious all around the world after
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