Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria? Essay

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Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria?

     The question whether Political Islam has failed or not due to the internal structure of the Islamic political movement, in either Algeria or any other country in the Islamic World, is an important question for the analysis of the politicized Islamic phenomena. Olivier Roy sees the movement as a failure, not only in Algeria but also in the whole area from Casablanca to Tashkent, the movement has resulted in failure due to many reasons that are seen as common among all the divisions of the movement regardless of their different socio- economic and political background that are more or less responsible of the generation of such movements. The Algerian case is the best
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“The masses that took the streets of Algerian cities, in October 1988, were not only Islamists but workers, students, secularists, leftists, feminists and Berberists, all demonstrating their disillusionment with the FLN (National Liberation Front). ” The FLN government responded by the Army intervention and the arbitrary arresting of the protesters. They used torture against people which ultimately created a high measure of resentment and destruction of the government legitimacy. Moreover, the government doctrine to reform the Algerian economy was so much supportive to those who had money already, which gave no benefit to the crushed masses that were striving under poor standards of life, which is the case in most countries that undergo transitional periods of economic reform where the desperate need for investment forces the government to grant the investors more rights and less duties to assure an attractive business environment. However, the corrupt regime seemed to do that for its own benefit since most of the rich Algerians were practically either government officials or having strong connections with the authority. Thus, the economic reform fired back on the FLN.

     Meanwhile, there was another severe problem that affected the countries domestic politics; the problem of identity. As a French colony under the French
authority,