Essay on Hate Crimes Against Gays and Lesbians

1379 Words Oct 25th, 2012 6 Pages
Hate Crimes Against Gays and Lesbians
LaReese Nixon
Kaplan University
CJ490: Research Methods in Criminal Justice

Prof: Deborah Barrett
August 7, 2012

Abstract

Introduction
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons frequently face violence motivated by their sexuality or gender identity. Violence may be executed by the state, as in laws prescribing corporal punishment for homosexual acts, or by individuals engaging in intimidation, mobbing, assault, or lynching. Violence targeted at people because of their perceived sexuality can be psychological or physical and can extend to murder. These actions may be motivated by homophobia or trans-phobia, and may be influenced by cultural, religious, or political mores and biases
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Jacobs and Henry examined the hate crime data collection efforts by the Anti-Defamation League, the Southern Poverty Law Center's Klanwatch Project and the FBI. Using these figures from those groups is widely used today to confirm the existence of a hate crime epidemic. While the collecting of hate crime statistics raises unique problems, including: defining hate crime, establishing a reliable means for determining when a perpetrator's bias should transform an ordinary crime into a hate crime and deciding which prejudices are relevant to counting hate crimes. The conclusion that hate crime has reached epidemic proportions evinces the fact that this type of crime is now less acceptable than in the past and that victimized groups now have special social and political status. Also, rising doubts that the picture of a hate crime epidemic shows reality. Perhaps what the real issue is the greater intolerance of prejudice How Will They Understand if We Don’t Teach Them? The Status of Criminal Justice Education on gay and Lesbian Issues. Kevin, Linhorst, and Ann reviewed the inclusion of race and gender in criminal justice education has, to some degree, been prompted as a result of perceived bias by criminal justice system professionals. By utilizing the race and gender experience as a template, interactions between the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered
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