Hatha Yoga

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Cardiovascular disease is a global burden and by changing risk factors such as increasing physical activity and reducing stress by relaxation can lower the incidence of the disease (Hartley, Dyakova, Holmes, Clarke, Lee, Ernst, & Rees, 2014) The study had 800 participants with high risk factors of the cardiovascular disease and were recruited to 11 study trials. After eight months of this ongoing study, Hartley and Colleagues (2014) found that any form of yoga showed reduction in the systolic and diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, and an increase in high-density lipoprotein. Since patients with the cardiovascular disease are unable to perform rigorous exercises, yoga was concluded to be an ideal choice for them. Participants, who…show more content…
Patients with the cardiovascular disease tend to have a weak heart muscle. Wahlstrom and Colleagues (2017) explored the paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in patients with the cardiovascular disease. Generally, atrial fibrillation is provoked by stress and anxiety. They found that yoga practiced by their 80 participants for 12 weeks showed an improvement in the heart rate, decreasing the progression of arrhythmia and the remodeling of atria. By performing yoga regularly, these participants were able to maintain their stress level low by activating the parasympathetic system. After 12 weeks post study, the patients who performed yoga afterwards were found to have 24% decrease conducting atrial fibrillation than those who did not do yoga on regular basis. Their conduction of atrial fibrillation was only six percent. Yoga practice was shown to decrease blood pressure, improve endothelial function, and reduce inflammation (Lakkireddy, 2013).
Another study by Jones and Colleagues (2016) concluded in their studies that the 12 weeks of 90 minutes yoga practice done by postmenopausal women increased the heart rate variability. Since women during the phase of menopause have increased heart rate, by performing yoga, the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) dominance caused an increase in the heart rate variability. The second half of the group performed regular 90-minutes exercise and it was found to be unbeneficial.
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