Hatshepsut's Roles Of Kingship In The Code Of Hammurabi

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According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, kingship is defined as, “the position, office, or dignity of the king.” Mesopotamia and Egypt were the first to practice and recognize kingship however, both dynasties illustrate the responsibilities of a “king” in varying ways. Both dynasties developed kingship to enact a cordial society that promoted morality. The similarities and differences between King Hammurabi and Queen Hatshepsut’s successions to the throne, the roles of ma’ at, and their duties to each of their perspective kingdoms illustrate that the Code of Hammurabi is more effective than Queen Hatshepsut’s reign in portraying the significance of kingship. To begin, kingship is typically implemented through the assignment of their position by a god. The Code of Hammurabi, written in the early eighteenth century B.C.E. by King Hammurabi, is a law code that enforces impartiality and safety for the Babylonian people. The statue engraved with each of the laws depicts the god of justice enlisting Hammurabi to enact these laws over the people of Babylon. The diorite pillar justifies the notion that kings during the Babylonian era were enlisted by the gods. In contrast to the belief of divine appointment is Queen Hatshepsut’s reign from 1502-1482 B.C.E. during the Egyptian New Kingdom. Queen Hatshepsut recognized herself in a position of authority as a pharaoh following the death of her husband as her son, Tuthmosis II, was still a child. At the time, Tuthmosis II was not

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