Hazard Mitigation And Risk Management

3668 Words15 Pages
Hazard identification and risk analysis seem like intimidating terms; however, we perform this process all the time. We are constantly surrounded by hazards in our natural environment and in our workplace. Hazard identification and risk analysis is part of our everyday hazard risk management and we use various processes to complete this task, most of the time without evening knowing we are doing it.
Hazards risk management, also known as hazard mitigation, is the process of reducing or eliminating future or long-term risks to the lives and/or property (Haddow, Bullock, & Coppola, 2011). The many hazards we face can either be natural in origin or manmade. Natural hazards include earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, and tsunamis, among others. Manmade hazards include everything from driving to nuclear meltdowns, but most of the hazards we face are associated with our work environment. Many organizations have developed processes, standards, rules, laws, or codes designed to reduce or eliminate the risk associated with hazards. No single process, etc. can identify every hazard we face; therefore, we must use many different methodologies for identifying and analyzing hazards in order to reduce, engineer out, or eliminate our risk.
However, before we can effectively control the hazardous conditions or unsafe behaviors, we need to become familiar with their characteristics and develop steps to identify and analyze the risk associated with them (Oregon OSHA Public Education, 2005).
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