Hazard Mitigation : Hazards Mitigation

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Hazard management, also known as hazard mitigation is the process of reducing or eliminating the future or long-term risks to the lives of organisms on the earth, originating from natural hazards (Crawley & Tyler , 2003). The type of hazard must not be a natural cause; some countries like Canada have expanded the meaning to include man-made hazards. In this life, hazard event will not cease to occur; their effect being loss of lives and destruction of property. Such hazardous events include earthquakes, floods, and tsunamis, among others. Hazard mitigation, as we have seen, works to reduce the amount of effect these events may cause to human life and property. In most times, these disasters occur in specific areas that are known, hence the…show more content…
The vulnerability analysis aims at determining the specific parties that might be at risk in case the event occurred. It is determined by the population in the area and the amount of property in that area. Some natural events can occur but cannot be referred to as disasters until destruction of property and loss of lives occurs. Coming up with a hazard mitigation strategy involves determining strategies to prevent occurrence of the hazard event and to minimize to the least possible effects in case the hazard event occurred. The final step is to implement those strategies and projects that have been developed. These strategies must be long-term and may include activities like land use regulation and planning, retrofitting structures, development and enforcement of codes associated with building and removing buildings and other structures from hazard prone areas. Hazard events can also occur in work places and may cause harm to the workers of that institution. Energies must be focused on determining ways to prevent these and control these risks. Ways that can be used to prevent such events include talking with workers or contractors who will be mainly operating the machinery in that institution, so as to get to know the potential risks that might occur and come up with ways to reduce the risk or as well eliminate them. The employer can make sure they know any high risk activities that might be associated with the handling of the machines.
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