Health And How An Individual Or Groups Health Can Be Affected By Various Socio Economic And Psychological Factors

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The aim of this essay is to identify the definition of health and how an individual or groups health can be affected by various socio-economic and psychological factors. Firstly, the essay will define the concept of health explore each factor individually. Then it will examine the evidence that support the link between these factors and their impact on health. Finally, the essay will explore personal observations that support these findings. The World Health Organization defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” a definition that has not been amended since 1948 (World Health Organization, 2003). This definition has been further supported by the shift from a biomedical model to a biopsychosocial model which considers the social, psychological and behavioural dimensions of illness (Engel, 1977). These dimensions interact and affect each other and have an impact on health. A report on England from the Office for National Statistics shows that, despite 67 years of the NHS, there remain marked differences in all parameters of health across the social classes. The report found that men and women in deprived areas have a 9.2 years and 6.8 years shorter life expectancy, respectively, than those living in less deprived areas. They also spend less of their life in “good” health, 70.9% compared to 85.2% and 66.5% compared to 83.4% respectively (Office for National Statistics, 2015). With regards
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