Health And Sustainability Of Marine Ecosystem Degradation

1026 Words5 Pages
Goal 14 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) seeks to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.” Targets 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5 and 14.a, aim to improve the health and sustainability of marine ecosystems by a specified date, and avoid adverse impacts to the environment by addressing specific kinds of marine pollution. These are measurable in so far that it is scientifically possible to quantify nutrient pollution, ocean acidity, marine debris, biodiversity etc., across space and time, as well as the impacts of such indicators on other areas of the environment. In principle the lack of analysis of certain aspects of marine ecosystem degradation makes it somewhat difficult to identify causal mechanisms in changes to the environment. Targets to improve scientific cooperation and knowledge relating to marine ecosystems, 14.3, 14.5 and 14.a, can be measured in relation to increased international and cross-sector cooperation and improved research outcomes. Observable sustainable socio-economic development of SIDs and LDCs can be used to measure the achievement of targets 14.7, 14.a and 14.b. Improvements to the regulation of destructive fishing practises, enforcement of international law and reduction of perverse subsidies (14.4, 14.6 and 14.c) can only be partially measured given the size of the ocean and that much illegal activity goes undetected. It is also important to note that an assessment of these
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