The change models are change agents that could explain the ways of implementing a change process. These models explain the reason for the change, what to expect during the process and the way a change occurs. Thus, these models help one understand the various aspects of the change process (Agriculture & Life Sciences: Texas A & M University, n.d.). The transtheoretical model of health behavior change could explain my evidence-based practice (EBP) project implementation plan.
Health behavior theory is a conceptual framework of key factors or variables hypothesized to influence health behavior. An established theory is logical, supported by evidence, and underpins behavior change plans and strategies. The different models and theories consist of the Social Cognitive theory, Health belief model, and the stages of change model. According to IHealth The Social Cognitive Theory is the theory that is based on the principle that behavior is dynamic depending on individual and environmental factors, all of which influenced one another simultaneously. The Social Cognitive Theory was created by Albert Bandura. Social Cognitive Theory holds that the interactions among the individual,environment, and behavior are complex, but
Describe a time when you tried to change your own behavior. Looking back, what theory of change did this approach fall within, and what was the outcome of your effort. Given your new knowledge on behavior change how you would do this differently?
Explain two models of behaviour change that have been used in recent national health education campaigns.
The contributing factor which makes it so successful is that it provides an explanation into the ‘how’ of behaviour change as opposed to the ‘why’, effectively demonstrating problematic areas which need to be addressed (Adam & White, 2003). This alludes to the source of the problematic behaviour and stimulates thought into how this behaviour can be changed. A main component of the model which makes it so effective is its integral focus on decision-making, important in promoting real change in the individual (Adam & White, 2003). Decision-making is imperative to this model’s success as it allows for intervention strategies that are individually tailored as well as applicable to a wider, diverse population (Nigg et al, 2011). Not all individuals begin at the same stage and hence TTM provides the appropriate mechanisms to support those who aren’t ready for change, those who are committed, and those who experience relapse (Nigg et al, 2011). For example, two individuals may utilise this model to engage in more effective behaviours regarding physical activity. Although they both share a common goal, they may be in different stages of the model – one individual may be in the preparation stage contemplating an exercise regime, while the other may be in the maintenance stage considering methods to maintain change (Nigg et al,
The behavior I have chosen to do my modification program on is increasing the amount of time I work out every time I go to the gym until I reach my target goal. My target goal is to work out for an hour and half every time I go to the gym in the morning. When I go to the gym I will be taking a stop watch to time the amount of time I work out to verify that I reached my goal as well as mark my calendar every day that I go stating how long I worked out for. To make sure I was committed to the goal I wrote down six reasons/benefits of making this behavior change that are both short term and long term. They are feeling better about myself throughout the day, getting to wear the dress I want to be able to fit by my birthday on July 24th, increasing my endurance for marathons, improving my mood, sleeping better, also something to enjoy doing with my husband. There are many more but these are the ones I placed on my bathroom mirror, on my desk lamp at work, on my dashboard in my car, the table next to my front door that holds my gym bag and shoes, on my fridge and in my husband’s truck in case he drives. I also let my husband know my goal and also invited him to come with me so he could monitor that I am actually sticking with my plan daily. I also had stated the table next to the door holds my gym bag and shoes so if I was to walk outside I automatically see them there taunting me to take them and go to the gym. I also put a reminder on my phone each day of my goal and why it
Complex performance related tasks are ideal when proximal goals are presented through a distal goal setting (Bandura 1886). Goals are individual’s capacity to complete the desired results. Proximal goal setting compared to distal, often leads to higher success rate especially when associated with goals that are relatively complex (Latham & Seijts, 1999). The social cognitive theory has been contributed to the work of Albert Badura, who recognized that cognitive learning is a key aspect that separates humans from other forms of life. This phenomenological approach analyzes the understanding and changing behavior in people, through observations, motivation, past experiences, and cognition. The following will give a further explanation of the phenomenological theory, and analyze three empirical studies, which focus on proximal and distal goal setting towards weight loss. Lastly, I will use the data from the empirical studies to discuss the validity of the social cognitive theory.The social cognitive theory suggests that behavioral, personal, environmental, and cognitive factors influence behavior and motivation (Cervone & Pervin, 2008). It argues against a previous theory of behaviorism, which believed behavior is only influence of the individual. The theory provides a framework for understanding, predicting, and changing human behavior. The theory relates to the idea of reciprocal determinism. Reciprocal determinism has three factors contributing to the concept of the social
The local, state and national, government has many roles and responsibilities in health and behavior change (Altman, 2001). An effective public health system that can assure the nation’s health requires the collaborative efforts of a complex network of people and organizations in the public and private sectors, as well as an alignment of policy and practice of governmental public health agencies at the national, state, and local levels.
When it comes to health-related behavior there are a lot of things people can change or improve depending on what kind of lifestyle they choose to have. I have a lot of unhealthy behavior habits that I need to fix like going to sleep earlier and waking up at a reasonable hour, cutting back on sweets, eating more vegetables and fruits, watching less television, trying to be more active instead of sitting down all the time and actually trying to exercise. My doctor was even surprised that I was actually “healthy” considering my diet and lack of exercise. I choose to focus on trying to eat healthier. I thought that it would be too difficult to change the meals that I eat, I mostly eat takeout or whatever
The article by Umberson, Crosnoe and Reczek, try to explain “how various social ties influences health behaviors at different life stages and how these processes accumulate and reverberate throughout the life course” (2010, p139). What is health behavior? The authors define health behavior as any personal action taken by individuals that may influence their health, disability, and even death.
The Health Behavior Model is the first step to evaluate the pros, cons and research of a public health problems (Scarinci, 2011). Adverse Drugs Events has the targeted audience of elders living in the U.S. The perceived susceptibility of ADEs shows that the risks are not random because studies have shown that it is caused by manmade errors. In order to gain more support in reduce ADEs, people must be aware that they are also susceptible to these problems and there are severe consequences is nothing is done - this is called perceived severity. For example, when patients are having severe reactions to overdoses, they will require more attention, medication and health care aid. The public are more likely to support a cause when they can receive
In this assignment I will be explaining two models of behaviour change that have been used in recent national health education campaigns, I will be explaining what the campaigns are about, how they target particular audience groups and why. Most health education campaigns are to educate the community on how to lead healthier lives, why and to live for longer, this is done through trying to educate them to change their unhealthy life styles or habits and chose healthier opinions.
According to the World Health Organization (W.H.O), Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer disease in the world, killing about 17.5 million people and responsible for about thirty-one (31%) of global death in 2012. It is a major challenge for both the developed and the low and middle income countries (W.H.O. 2016). In the United States, heart disease is also the foremost killer disease. It killed 614,398 people in 2014 which is about twenty-three percent (23%) of the total death in the country (C.D.C. 2016). Heart attack affects about 750,000 every year and 550,000 of these had their first episode while about 200,000 of them experienced their second episode. The C.D.C also reports that half of the sudden heart attacks occur outside of hospital (C.D.C. 2016). The purpose of this article is to use Social and Behavioral Theories of behavior change to critically appraise a technology application created to help in the resolution of heart attack and cardiovascular health issues through real time monitoring.
People say that they are going to change health behaviors every year and most never do. I have personally struggled with this as well. Every semester I tell myself that I am going to work out consistently through the semester and every semester I do not stick with my goal. I thought that if I made my project this behavior then I would see it through to the end. Even though I did not fulfill my goal to the extent that I initially wanted to I still consider this project a success. I learned about the importance of exercise both through the experiences brought on by the project and reading research connected to my health behavior change.
My topic for the Behavior Modification was to lose 10 pounds by exercising at least 30 minutes a day along with pursuing a healthy diet by the end of the semester. The strategies I incorporated to support this goal are: phone apps and using the P90X exercise program. The thought of using the apps, is to see the actual data and to point out unhealthy behaviors. Furthermore, healthy eating and daily exercise would promote sound body and mind along with restful sleep patterns. I also included prayer in my everyday workouts asking for the strength and stamina to get through the day.