Health Care For Lung Cancer

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2012 there was in increase in lung cancer deaths by 3.5%, this percent is still rising in women while it’s stable in men (CDC, 2014). Nowadays, about 402,324 Americans have lung cancer. In 2014, the newly diagnosed lung cancer cases are 224,210, they represent 13% of all cancer diagnosis (ACS, 2014). Lung cancer affects old people and always they diagnosed in the last five years of their life. Around 80% of people who live with lung cancer their ages more than 60 years (USNIH, 2011). In Kentucky, on 2011 was the highest age-adjusted incidence rate of lung cancer among both genders (USNIH, 2014). The new lung cancer cases all over the world were estimated to be 1.8 million and lung cancer deaths were 1.6 million during 2012 (WHO, 2012).…show more content…
In 1984, there was a peak in the lung cancer incidence among men, after that the lung cancer incidence among men was decreasing. In 1998, the lung cancer incidence reaches its peak but now it begins to decline (USNIH, 2011). The lung cancer survival rate is less than other cancers, it’s estimated to be 17.8% in comparison to 65.4% for colon cancer, 90.5% for breast cancer and 99.6% for prostate cancer (USNIH, 2011). The lung cancer staging is a determinant of the patient’s five-year survival rate, for patients who have localized lung cancer the survival rate is 54%. Just 15% of lung cancer patients is diagnosed during early stages of the disease, but most of the people who diagnosed with lung cancer die within the first year of diagnosis (USNIH, 2011). Causes of lung cancer the most common cause of lung cancer is smoking, 90% of lung cancer cases among men are due to smoking and 80% of lung cancer among women are due to smoking. Smoker men are 23 times more likely to get lung cancer, and smoker women are 13 times more likely to have lung cancer in comparison to nonsmokers (USDHS, 2004). Annually, between 2005 and 2010 lung cancer cases due to smoking are about 130,659, 56.8% of these cases were men, and 43.2% were women (USDHS, 2014). Also, second-hand smokers are at higher risk of developing lung cancer, their chance to develop lung cancer is 20-30% in comparison to people who do not have an exposure to the second-hand smoke (USDHS, 2006). In 2014, the estimated
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